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Quantitative analyses of dynamic strain sensitivity in human skin mechanoreceptors.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Integrative Medical Biology, Physiology.
2004 (English)In: Journal of Neurophysiology, ISSN 0022-3077, Vol. 92, no 6, 3233-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Microneurographical recordings from 24 slowly adapting (SA) and 16 fast adapting (FA) cutaneous mechanoreceptor afferents were obtained in the human radial nerve. Most of the afferents innervated the hairy skin on the back of the hand. The afferents' receptive fields were subjected to controlled strains in a ramp-and-hold fashion with strain velocities from 1 to 64%.s(-1), i.e., strain velocities within most of the physiological range. For all unit types, the mean variation in response onset approached 1 ms for strain velocities >8%.s(-1). Except at the highest strain velocities, the first spike in a typical SAIII unit was evoked at strains <0.5% and a typical SAII unit began to discharge at <1% skin strain. Skin strain velocity had a profound effect on the discharge rates of all classes of afferents. The "typical" peak discharge rate at the highest strain velocity studied was 50-95 imp/s(-1) depending on unit type. Excellent fits were obtained for both SA and FA units when their responses to ramp stretches were modeled by simple power functions (r2 > 0.9 for 95% of the units). SAIII units grouped with SAII with respect to onset latency and onset variation but with SAI units with respect to dynamic strain sensitivity. Because both SA and FA skin afferents respond strongly, quickly, and accurately to skin strain changes, they all seem to be able to provide useful information about movement-related skin strain changes and therefore contribute to proprioception and kinesthesia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 92, no 6, 3233-43 p.
Keyword [en]
Female, Finger Joint/innervation/*physiology, Humans, Mechanoreceptors/*physiology, Models; Biological, Proprioception/*physiology, Reaction Time/physiology, Regression Analysis, Skin/*innervation, Stress; Mechanical, Wrist Joint/innervation/*physiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12654DOI: doi:10.1152/jn.00628.2004PubMedID: 15548636OAI: diva2:152325
Available from: 2008-01-09 Created: 2008-01-09 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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