Expression of brain natriuretic peptide in the rat heart studies during heart growth and in relation to sympathectomy
2004 (English)In: Microscopy research and technique (Print), ISSN 1059-910X, Vol. 64, no 1, 30-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) might be of importance during heart development and is described to be increasingly expressed in congestive heart failure and to affect the progress of this condition. However, details in the normal expression of BNP are still unclear in various parts of the adult and growing heart, including the conduction system. In this study, we investigated the expression of BNP in relation to that of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in the growing as well as in the adult rat heart. The effects of chemical sympathectomy in adult rats were also examined. Contrary to previous BNP immunohistochemical studies, the BNP antiserum was preabsorbed with an excess of ANP before staining to abolish the crossreactivity with ANP. There was a pronounced BNP immunoreaction in the auricles, the trabeculated ventricular walls, and the peripheral parts of the conduction system at 0-1 days postnatally. The degree of immunoreaction gradually decreased with increasing age. A similar developmental pattern was seen concerning ANP expression, but the magnitude of the latter clearly exceeded that for BNP. Immunoreaction for BNP was never detected in the atrioventricular (AV) node and AV bundle at any stage. In contrast to the situation for ANP previously observed, no obvious changes in BNP immunoreaction patterns were observed in response to sympathectomy. This is the first study to thoroughly demonstrate the expression of BNP in the various regions of the rat heart during growth and in the normal and sympathectomized adult stage. The observations are related to possible functions of natriuretic peptides in the growing and adult heart.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 64, no 1, 30-42 p.
Animals, Female, Gene Expression Regulation; Developmental, Heart/*growth & development, Myocardium/*metabolism/ultrastructure, Natriuretic Peptide; Brain/*metabolism, Pregnancy, Purkinje Fibers/metabolism/ultrastructure, Rats, Rats; Sprague-Dawley, Sympathectomy; Chemical
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12705DOI: doi:10.1002/jemt.20057PubMedID: 15287016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12705DiVA: diva2:152376