Nerve fibre and sensory end organ density in the epidermis and papillary dermis of the human hand.
2005 (English)In: Br J Plast Surg, ISSN 0007-1226, Vol. 58, no 6, 774-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Quantification of sensory recovery after peripheral nerve surgery is difficult and no accurate techniques are available at present. Quantification of reinnervated skin has been used experimentally, and in some clinical studies, but the lack of knowledge about the normal sensory distribution has been a problem. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to map the density of sensory end organs, nerve fibres and free nerve endings in the glabrous skin of the human hand. Skin biopsies were taken from patients undergoing acute and elective hand surgery. Nerve fibres were stained in the epidermis and papillary dermis and quantified in five sites on the palm of the hand, using protein gene product 9.5 immunoreactivity-a panneuronal marker. The finger tip skin was found to have more than twice the nerve fibre density in the papillary dermis than the skin of the palm, and the number of Meissner corpuscles in the finger tip was also higher than in the palm. We found a reduction in innervation density with increasing age in the dermis, however, that was not the case for the epidermis. The innervation of the epidermis showed high interindividual variability and unlike the papillary dermis did not display any pattern of distribution in the hand.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 58, no 6, 774-9 p.
Adult, Aged, Dermis/innervation, Epidermis/innervation, Hand/*innervation, Humans, Middle Aged, Nerve Endings/*anatomy & histology, Nerve Fibers, Peripheral Nerves/*anatomy & histology, Receptors; Sensory/*anatomy & histology, Skin/*innervation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12717DOI: doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2004.12.017PubMedID: 16086989OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12717DiVA: diva2:152388