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Studie- och yrkesorienteringens framväxt i grund- och gymnasieskola: en beskrivning av mål, organisation och metoder (rev)
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1985 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att beskriva studie-och yrkesorienteringens (syons) framväxt i det svenska utbildningsväsendet från 1940-talet och framåt med avseende på mål, organisation och metodik. Beskrivningen baseras på en litteraturgenomgång av skolutredningar, propositioner, läroplaner mm. Generellt har syons betydelse för ungdomars studie- och yrkesval successivt tillskrivits en allt större betydelse. 1970-talet kan ses som en viktig brytpunkt i syons utveckling. Då förändras såväl organisatoriska betingelser som mål och arbetsmetoder. Skolan erhåller t ex det fulla ansvaret för syons genomförande och målen förändras i riktning från en samhälls- till en individanpassad syo. I den avslutande kommentaren diskuteras fyra principer av ideologisk karaktär som genomsyrar syons målsättning. Dessa är: (1) studie- och yrkesvalets frihet, (2) studie-och yrkesvalet som en kontinuerlig process, (3) syons frivillighet samt (4) syo som kompensation. Avslutningsvis görs ett försök att relatera syons expansion till en i samhället fortgående arbetsdelning.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to describe the expension of the Swedish system for educational and vocational guidance (SYO) in the educational aystem from 1940 to the present. The major foci are goals, organisation and methods. The description is based on a survey of literature such as governmental propositions, reports by state commissions and curricula. In general, the importance of SYO has become more significant regarding young peoples' choice of education and vocation. In the beginning of the 1970s organizational conditions, goals and methods changed. For example, the school now assumes the full responsibility for the accomplishment of SYO. In addition the goals changed focus from society to the individual. In the concluding section of this report four principles of ideological character are discussed: (1) freedom of choice (2) choice as an continous process (3) the voluntary characteristic of SYO and (4) SYO as compensation. Finally, an attempt is made to relate the expansion of SYO to the division of labour in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1985. , 50 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter, ISSN 0281-6776 ; 5
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12781OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12781DiVA: diva2:152452
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-05-03 Created: 2007-05-03 Last updated: 2013-04-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Att välja studie- och yrkesväg: några empiriska studier med tonvikt på högstadieelevers valsituation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att välja studie- och yrkesväg: några empiriska studier med tonvikt på högstadieelevers valsituation
1985 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The choice of education and vocation : a series of empirical studies of pupils of the upper level of the compulsory school
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of several studies, that havebeen carried out within the SYO-project (syo=educational and vocationalguidance). The SYO-project, financed by the National Board of Education,has two major sources of information concerning the description andanalyses of (1) the content of syo and (2) different persons' conceptionsand notions of education, work, and choice of education and profession.The aim of this work is to investigate pupils in grade 7-9 regardingtheir actual choices and the particular conditions, that could influencethose choices e.g. the importance of the family and the syo. In theframework for conducting this study, some assumptions are made aboutthe role of school and syo. The pupils' choices and the conditions underwhich they occur, are examined from a societal, educational andindividual perspective. Furthermore, a model is developed to illustratehow pupils' conceptions and notions are formed. Both extensive andintensive studies have been executed, using parents, pupils, teachers andcounsellors. The data have been collected primarily from individualinterviews and questionnaires. The results have been published in sevenreports, nos. 4-10 in Pedagogiska rapporter/Educational reports.Department of Education, University of Umeå (in Swedish). The resultsdemonstrate, that the pupils choices of education and profession arestrongly related to sex and social class. Only their choices of educationseem to be stable. However, when they change, the differences betweensex and social class tend to be even larger. The influences from parentsand school coincides so as to support the pupils* conceptions and notionsof education, work, and educational and vocational choices, which arebased on an individual perspective. In contrast, there can also be a breakin the ideological transmission, such that, for example, the pupils1conceptions of work may reflect more of the parents' influences thanthe schools1. Different conditions of importance for the work of syo, inaccordance with official goals, are not fulfilled. Thus, the integrationof syo does not exist. For example, the number of pupils seems too largeand the expectations of teachers and other persons in the school,concerning syo, are quite different from those of the counsellors. Finally,a few limitations and the principal results of the work are discussedalong with suggestions for further research. The results concern, interalia, the socially based differences in knowledge between parents andpupils. These differences mean, in essence, that a basic condition forrational choice is not fulfilled. Furthermore, the role of syo as a sortingmechanism in the process of social reproduction is deemphasized. Instead,its legitimizing function appears as more important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1985. 62 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 19
Keyword
choice of education and vocation, conceptions and notions of work and education, counselling, social reproduction, ideological transmission
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16603 (URN)91-7174-218-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
1985-12-13, Humanisthuset hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-22Bibliographically approved

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Studie- och yrkesorienteringens framväxt i grund- och gymnasieskola(3446 kB)158 downloads
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