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Val av, kunskaper om och värderingar kring utbildning och yrke: en enkätundersökning bland grund- och gymnasieskoleelever
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1985 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande studie är att kartlägga grund- och gymnasieskoleelevers faktiska val av kurser, tillvalsämnen och linjer, deras framtida utbildnings- och yrkesplaner samt kunskaper och värderingar om utbildning och yrken. Datainsamlingen genomfördes hösten 1977 med enkätmetodik. 1250 elever i en kommun, ca 600 i åk 7 och 9 på grundskolan och motsvarande antal i åk1 respektive 2-4 på gymnasieskolan, besvarade frågeformuläret. Det totala b'ôrtfallet var 10%. Bland resultaten kan nämnas att både den sociala och könsmässiga rekryteringen till kurser och linjer är påfallande sned liksom att gjorda yrkesval påvisar ett klart samband med elevernas sociala bakgrund. Elevernas kunskaper om utbildning och yrke är av olika skäl mycket varierande men generellt tyder resultaten på att t ex kunskaperna om den egna skolformen är förhållandevis goda medan kunskaperna om efterföljande nivå är dåliga. Elevernas värderingar kring utbildning och yrke är, i motsats till kunskaperna, mycket samstämmiga. I den avslutande diskussionen kommenteras någrq av de viktigaste resultaten samt diskuteras metodiska erfarenheter och konsekvenser för det fortsatta utvärderingsarbetet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to map out the actual choices of courses, optional subjects and lines made by pupils in the upper secondary school, their future educational and vocational plans and their knowledge and value judgments of education and and professions. The data collection was made in the autumn of 1977 with questionnaires. 1250 pupils in a municipality, about 600 in grade 7 and 9 in the compulsory comprehensive school and the corresponding number in grade 1 and 2-4 respectively, in the upper secondary school answered the questionnaire. The total non-response was 10%. The results show, among other things, that there are both social and sex differences in the recruitment to courses and lines and that the choices of profession are clearly related to the social background of the pupils. The pupils' knowledge of education and professions varies a lot but the results indicate, generally speaking, that the pupils are well-informed about their own type of school whereas their knowledge pf the following one is poor. The pupils were very unanimous in their value judgments of education and professions as opposed to their knowledge about them. The concluding discussion presents some comments on some of the most important results and discusses methodical experiences and consequences for the continued evaluation work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1985. , 50 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter, ISSN 0281-6776 ; 8
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12784OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12784DiVA: diva2:152455
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-05-03 Created: 2007-05-03 Last updated: 2013-04-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Att välja studie- och yrkesväg: några empiriska studier med tonvikt på högstadieelevers valsituation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att välja studie- och yrkesväg: några empiriska studier med tonvikt på högstadieelevers valsituation
1985 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The choice of education and vocation : a series of empirical studies of pupils of the upper level of the compulsory school
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of several studies, that havebeen carried out within the SYO-project (syo=educational and vocationalguidance). The SYO-project, financed by the National Board of Education,has two major sources of information concerning the description andanalyses of (1) the content of syo and (2) different persons' conceptionsand notions of education, work, and choice of education and profession.The aim of this work is to investigate pupils in grade 7-9 regardingtheir actual choices and the particular conditions, that could influencethose choices e.g. the importance of the family and the syo. In theframework for conducting this study, some assumptions are made aboutthe role of school and syo. The pupils' choices and the conditions underwhich they occur, are examined from a societal, educational andindividual perspective. Furthermore, a model is developed to illustratehow pupils' conceptions and notions are formed. Both extensive andintensive studies have been executed, using parents, pupils, teachers andcounsellors. The data have been collected primarily from individualinterviews and questionnaires. The results have been published in sevenreports, nos. 4-10 in Pedagogiska rapporter/Educational reports.Department of Education, University of Umeå (in Swedish). The resultsdemonstrate, that the pupils choices of education and profession arestrongly related to sex and social class. Only their choices of educationseem to be stable. However, when they change, the differences betweensex and social class tend to be even larger. The influences from parentsand school coincides so as to support the pupils* conceptions and notionsof education, work, and educational and vocational choices, which arebased on an individual perspective. In contrast, there can also be a breakin the ideological transmission, such that, for example, the pupils1conceptions of work may reflect more of the parents' influences thanthe schools1. Different conditions of importance for the work of syo, inaccordance with official goals, are not fulfilled. Thus, the integrationof syo does not exist. For example, the number of pupils seems too largeand the expectations of teachers and other persons in the school,concerning syo, are quite different from those of the counsellors. Finally,a few limitations and the principal results of the work are discussedalong with suggestions for further research. The results concern, interalia, the socially based differences in knowledge between parents andpupils. These differences mean, in essence, that a basic condition forrational choice is not fulfilled. Furthermore, the role of syo as a sortingmechanism in the process of social reproduction is deemphasized. Instead,its legitimizing function appears as more important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1985. 62 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 19
Keyword
choice of education and vocation, conceptions and notions of work and education, counselling, social reproduction, ideological transmission
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16603 (URN)91-7174-218-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
1985-12-13, Humanisthuset hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-22Bibliographically approved

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Val av, kunskaper om och värderingar kring utbildning och yrke(4765 kB)103 downloads
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