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Utbildning, arbete, studie- och yrkesval: föreställningar hos föräldrar, elever och skolpersonal
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1985 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att belysa kunskaper» uppfattningar och föreställningar hos föräldrar, elever och skolpersonal med avseende på arbete, utbildning, studie1- och yrkesval. Totalt har 81 personer intervjuats, 30 föräldrar, 28 elever (barn till föräldrama) samt 11 syofunktionärer och 12 lärare. De 30 föräldrarfta har dessutom genomgått ett yrkestest. Samtliga intervjuer har spelats in på band och skrivits ut varefter de analyserats* Kategoriseringarna av intervjumaterialet har gjorts såväl utifrån det empiriska innehållet som utifrån den teoretiska referensramen vilken bl a beskriver och probiemati serar utgångspunkter och antaganden om arbete, familj och utbildhing.Av resultaten framgår generellt att det finns stora skillnader mellan eleVer och föräldrar tillhöriga arbetarklass respektive medelklass samt att skolpersonalens uppfattningar mera står i överensstämmelse med medelklassföräldrarnas. Vad gäller t ex kunskaper om utbildning har de förra karaktäriserats som kunskapsfattiga och de senare som kunskapsrika. Även i sättet att använda sig av kunskaperna skiljer sig grupperna åt. Medelklassfamiljen anlägger oftare ett strategiskt perspektiv inriktat mot framtiden medan arbetarklassens är personfokuserat och inriktat mot nuet. Resultat avseende uppfattningar och föreställningar om arbetslivet föreligger för fyra aspekter av detsamma: (1) arbetets värde (2) arbetsmarknad (3) lönedifferentiering och (4) arbetskraftens reproduktion. Även här finns skillnader mellan olika grupper men även likheter. Vad gäller t ex lönedifferentiering och arbetskraftsreproduktion utgår nästan alla från ett individorienterat perspektiv. I den avslutande diskussionen ges vissa förklaringar till resultatutfallet. Den relativa bristen på kunskaper om utbildning ses t ex som en viktig orsak till varför vissa föräldrar betraktar valet som ett fritt val i enlighet med en utbildningsideologi om individuell valfrihet.

Abstract [en]

The aim of this report is to study knowledge, conceptions and notions of parents, pupils, teachers and educational and vocational counselors. The foci are work, education and choice of education and profession. 81 persons have been interviewed: 30 parents, 28 pupils (childs to the parents), 12 teachers and 11 counselors. The parents are also given a vocational test. All of the interviews are taped and transcribed. The categorization of the material has been derived from the empirical content and the theoretical framework. Underlying this framework are several assumptions about work, family arrd education. The results of the study show generally that there are large differences between middle class parents and pupils and their working class counterparts. In addition, the conceptions and notions of tèachèrs and counselors are similar to those of the middle class parents. For example, middle class parents in regard to knowledge of education, are characterized as rich and the working class parents poor. Both groups also differ in the way they use their knowledge. The middle class family has a strategical way of thinking directed toward the future while the working class family focuses on persons and the present. The results concerning conceptions and notions about working life are given for four aspects: (1) the value of work (2) the labour market, (3) the differenr tiation of wages and (4) the reproduction of the labour force. There are differences between social classes in these aspects, but there are also similarities. For example, almost everyone has a perspective oriented to the individual concerning (3) and (4). In the concluding discussion, certain explanations of the results are given. For example, the relative lack of knowledge is proposed as a major reason why working class parents perceive the choices as free when, in façt, those choices are rather limited. This reflects an official ideology of education which values individual freedom.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1985. , 150 p.
Series
Pedagogiska rapporter, ISSN 0281-6776 ; 10
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12787OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12787DiVA: diva2:152458
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-05-03 Created: 2007-05-03 Last updated: 2013-04-23Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Att välja studie- och yrkesväg: några empiriska studier med tonvikt på högstadieelevers valsituation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att välja studie- och yrkesväg: några empiriska studier med tonvikt på högstadieelevers valsituation
1985 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The choice of education and vocation : a series of empirical studies of pupils of the upper level of the compulsory school
Abstract [en]

This report is a summary and a discussion of several studies, that havebeen carried out within the SYO-project (syo=educational and vocationalguidance). The SYO-project, financed by the National Board of Education,has two major sources of information concerning the description andanalyses of (1) the content of syo and (2) different persons' conceptionsand notions of education, work, and choice of education and profession.The aim of this work is to investigate pupils in grade 7-9 regardingtheir actual choices and the particular conditions, that could influencethose choices e.g. the importance of the family and the syo. In theframework for conducting this study, some assumptions are made aboutthe role of school and syo. The pupils' choices and the conditions underwhich they occur, are examined from a societal, educational andindividual perspective. Furthermore, a model is developed to illustratehow pupils' conceptions and notions are formed. Both extensive andintensive studies have been executed, using parents, pupils, teachers andcounsellors. The data have been collected primarily from individualinterviews and questionnaires. The results have been published in sevenreports, nos. 4-10 in Pedagogiska rapporter/Educational reports.Department of Education, University of Umeå (in Swedish). The resultsdemonstrate, that the pupils choices of education and profession arestrongly related to sex and social class. Only their choices of educationseem to be stable. However, when they change, the differences betweensex and social class tend to be even larger. The influences from parentsand school coincides so as to support the pupils* conceptions and notionsof education, work, and educational and vocational choices, which arebased on an individual perspective. In contrast, there can also be a breakin the ideological transmission, such that, for example, the pupils1conceptions of work may reflect more of the parents' influences thanthe schools1. Different conditions of importance for the work of syo, inaccordance with official goals, are not fulfilled. Thus, the integrationof syo does not exist. For example, the number of pupils seems too largeand the expectations of teachers and other persons in the school,concerning syo, are quite different from those of the counsellors. Finally,a few limitations and the principal results of the work are discussedalong with suggestions for further research. The results concern, interalia, the socially based differences in knowledge between parents andpupils. These differences mean, in essence, that a basic condition forrational choice is not fulfilled. Furthermore, the role of syo as a sortingmechanism in the process of social reproduction is deemphasized. Instead,its legitimizing function appears as more important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1985. 62 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 19
Keyword
choice of education and vocation, conceptions and notions of work and education, counselling, social reproduction, ideological transmission
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16603 (URN)91-7174-218-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
1985-12-13, Humanisthuset hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-04-22Bibliographically approved

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Utbildning, arbete, studie- och yrkesval(10059 kB)264 downloads
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