Accidental deaths caused by electricity in Sweden, 1975-2000.
2006 (English)In: Journal of forensic sciences, ISSN 0022-1198, Vol. 51, no 6, 1383-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study analyzes accidental fatalities caused by electricity--at work and during leisure time--to evaluate risk factors, the role of alcohol, and to identify possible preventive strategies. In Sweden, data on fatalities by electrocution from 1975 through 2000 were collected from the National Cause-of-Death Register. Additional cases were found in the archives of The Swedish National Electrical Safety Board. Suicides and deaths by lightning were excluded. Two hundred and eighty-five deaths were found, including occupational (n=132), leisure time (n=151), and unknown (n=2). Most deaths were caused by aerial power lines, and the most common place for an electrical injury was a railway area or residential property. Postmortem blood from 20% (n=47) of the tested cases was found positive for alcohol, and these persons were killed mainly during leisure time. During the study period, the overall incidence of electricity-related fatalities has decreased, in spite of increased use of electricity. This indicates that safety improvements have been successful.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 51, no 6, 1383-8 p.
Accidents/*mortality, Adolescent, Adult, Age Distribution, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Arrhythmia/etiology/mortality, Central Nervous System Depressants/blood/urine, Child, Child; Preschool, Electric Injuries/*mortality, Ethanol/blood/urine, Female, Humans, Infant, Male, Middle Aged, Registries, Risk Factors, Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology, Sweden/epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12800PubMedID: 17199625OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12800DiVA: diva2:152471