The BBA01 protein, a member of paralog family 48 from Borrelia burgdorferi, is potentially interchangeable with the channel-forming protein P13.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Bacteriology, ISSN 0021-9193, Vol. 188, no 12, 4207-4217 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Borrelia burgdorferi genome exhibits redundancy, with many plasmid-carried genes belonging to paralogous gene families. It has been suggested that certain paralogs may be necessary in various environments and that they are differentially expressed in response to different conditions. The chromosomally located p13 gene which codes for a channel-forming protein belongs to paralog family 48, which consists of eight additional genes. Of the paralogous genes from family 48, the BBA01 gene has the highest homology to p13. Herein, we have inactivated the BBA01 gene in B. burgdorferi strain B31-A. This mutant shows no apparent phenotypic difference compared to the wild type. However, analysis of BBA01 in a C-terminal protease A (CtpA)-deficient background revealed that like P13, BBA01 is posttranslationally processed at its C terminus. Elevated BBA01 expression was obtained in strains with the BBA01 gene introduced on the shuttle vector compared to the wild-type strain. We could further demonstrate that BBA01 is a channel-forming protein with properties surprisingly similar to those of P13. The single-channel conductance, of about 3.5 nS, formed by BBA01 is comparable to that of P13, which together with the high degree of sequence similarity suggests that the two proteins may have similar and interchangeable functions. This is further strengthened by the up-regulation of the BBA01 protein and its possible localization in the outer membrane in a p13 knockout strain, thus suggesting that P13 can be replaced by BBA01.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 188, no 12, 4207-4217 p.
Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/*metabolism, Borrelia burgdorferi/*metabolism/physiology, Carboxypeptidases/metabolism, Ion Channels/*metabolism, Multigene Family, Peptide Hydrolases/metabolism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12925DOI: doi:10.1128/JB.00302-06PubMedID: 16740927OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12925DiVA: diva2:152596