Adherence and internalization of Streptococcus gordonii by epithelial cells involves beta1 integrin recognition by SspA and SspB (antigen I/II family) polypeptides.
2006 (English)In: Cellular microbiologyArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Streptococcus gordonii is a commensal bacterium that colonizes the hard and soft tissues present in the human mouth and nasopharynx. The cell wall-anchored polypeptides SspA and SspB expressed by S. gordonii mediate a wide range of interactions with host proteins and other bacteria. In this article we have determined the role of SspA and SspB proteins, which are members of the streptococcal antigen I/II (AgI/II) adhesin family, in S. gordonii adherence and internalization by epithelial cells. Wild-type S. gordonii DL1 expressing AgI/II polypeptides attached to and was internalized by HEp-2 cells, whereas an isogenic AgI/II(-) mutant was reduced in adherence and was not internalized. Association of S. gordonii DL1 with HEp-2 cells triggered protein tyrosine phosphorylation but no significant actin rearrangement. By contrast, Streptococcus pyogenes A40 showed 50-fold higher levels of internalization and this was associated with actin polymerization and interleukin-8 upregulation. Adherence and internalization of S. gordonii by HEp-2 cells involved beta1 integrin recognition but was not fibronectin-dependent. Recombinant SspA and SspB polypeptides bound to purified human alpha5beta1 integrin through sequences present within the NAV (N-terminal) region of AgI/II polypeptide. AgI/II polypeptides blocked interactions of S. gordonii and S. pyogenes with HEp-2 cells, and S. gordonii DL1 cells expressing AgI/II proteins inhibited adherence and internalization of S. pyogenes by HEp-2 cells. Conversely, S. gordonii AgI/II(-) mutant cells did not inhibit internalization of S. pyogenes. The results suggest that AgI/II proteins not only promote integrin-mediated internalization of oral commensal streptococci by host cells, but also potentially influence susceptibility of host tissues to more pathogenic bacteria.
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12960OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12960DiVA: diva2:152631