Use of questionnaires and an expert panel to judge the environmental consequences of chemical spills for the development of an environment-accident index
2005 (English)In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, ISSN 0301-4797, Vol. 75, no 3, 247-61 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Assessing the environmental consequences of a chemical accident is a complex task. To date, the methods used to evaluate the environmental effects of an acute release of a chemical have often been based on measurements of chemical and physical variables deemed to be important, such as the concentration of the chemical. However, a broader strategy is needed to predict the environmental consequences of potential accidents during the planning process. An Environment-Accident Index (EAI), a simple tool based on such a strategy, has been developed to facilitate the consideration of a multitude of influential variables. The objectives of this study were to evaluate whether questionnaire-based expert panel's judgements could provide useful data on the environmental consequences of chemical spills, and an effective basis for further development of the EAI. As expected, the judgements did not agree perfectly, but they do give rough indications of the environmental effects, and highlight consistent trends that should be useful inputs for planning, prevention and decontamination processes. The different accidents were also judged to have caused everything from minor to very major effects in the environment, implying that a wide range of accident scenarios were represented in the material and covered by the EAL Therefore, questionnaires and expert panel judgements can be used to collect useful data for estimating the likely environmental consequences of chemical accidents and for further development of the EAI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 75, no 3, 247-61 p.
EAI, questionnaire, expert panel, chemical accidents, environmental effects
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13469DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2005.01.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-13469DiVA: diva2:153140