In vivo clearing of idiotypic antibodies with antiidiotypic antibodies and their derivatives
2006 (English)In: Molecular Immunology, ISSN 0161-5890, Vol. 43, no 6, 599-606 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
At immunolocalization of experimental tumors, idiotypic monoclonal antibodies, such as TS1 against cytokeratin 8, can be used to carry and deposit in vivo terapeutics in the tumor. These carriers also remain in the circulation and may cause negative side-effects in other tissues. In this report, several derivatives of the antiidiotypic antibody alphaTS1 were produced and tested for their clearing capacity of the idiotypic carrier antibody TS1. Intact monoclonal alphaTS1, scFv of a alphaTS1 and alphaTS1 Fab'2 and fragments were produced by recombinant technology or by cleavage with Ficin. The scFv was tailored by use of the variable domain genes of the light and heavy chain from the hybridoma clone in combination with a (Gly4Ser)3-linker, followed by expression in E. coli. When tested for clearing capacity, the intact divalent antiidiotypic IgG was found to be the most efficient. The divalent and the monovalent Fab fragment also demonstrated significant clearing, but lower than the intact antiidiotypic IgG. The alphaTS1 scFv antibody when injected separately was not found to clear the idiotype, but could do so when preincubated with the idiotype. Rapid excretion and in vivo instability of this low molecular weight antibody fragment may be the major reasons. Similar results were obtained when the system was reversed and the 131I-labeled antiidiotype IgG was cleared with the idiotype fragment. It is concluded that both intact antiidiotypic IgG, and Fab'2 fragments are able to clear the idiotypic antibodies. The experimental data support the conclusion that the Fc parts from both the idiotype and the antiidiotype may contribute to this elimination.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 43, no 6, 599-606 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13533DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2005.04.019PubMedID: 15978666OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-13533DiVA: diva2:153204