Coulometric Karl Fischer titration of trace water in diaphragm-free cells
2005 (English)In: Talanta: The International Journal of Pure and Applied Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0039-9140, Vol. 65, no 5, 1349-54 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Factors influencing the accuracy and precision for diaphragm-free Karl Fischer coulometric determinations of low mu g-amounts of water have been studied using the Metrohm 756 (pulsed current) coulometer and eight different types of commercial coulometric reagents and some modifications of these. As in the case of diaphragm-free coulometric titration of large amounts of water, the positive errors, due to the formation of oxidizable reduction products (of sulfur dioxide) in the cathode reaction (besides hydrogen), were found to be minimized by the use of highest possible pulse current (in the range 100-400 mA) in combination with the fastest possible titration rate. Most accurate (102-103%) and precise results (typical relative standard deviation 1.8%) were obtained for reagents containing very large concentrations of imidazole in combination with the presence of modifiers like hexanol, chloroform and propylene glycol (i.e. the HYDRA-POINT reagents). Similar results were obtained when this type of reagent was mixed 60/40 with xylene according to the ASTM recommendation for water determinations in petroleum products like crude and lubricating oils. Addition of decanol to this type of reagent mixture was found to reduce the influence from the oxidative reduction products significantly. A reduction of the error from 3.6% relative to 1.6% was achieved by addition of 9% (v/v) of decanol to a 60/40 reagent mixture of HYDRA-POINT Coulometric Gen (containing hexanol as modifier) and xylene. For larger concentrations of decanol the pulse current had to be lowered to 100 mA and this might explain why no further improvement was observed. An additional attempt to minimize the interference by lowering the concentration of sulfur dioxide in the reagents gave no significant effect. However. by means of a home-built computer-controlled coulometric instrumentation based on continuous instead of pulsed current (including a large cathodic current density) it was possible to achieve recovery rates close to 100% for the best reagents investigated. The reason for this improvement is discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 65, no 5, 1349-54 p.
titration, trace water, diaphragm-free cells
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-13571DOI: doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2004.09.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-13571DiVA: diva2:153242