Structure, dynamics and topology of membrane polypeptides by oriented 2H solid-state NMR spectroscopy
2007 (English)In: European Biophysics Journal, ISSN 0175-7571 (Print) 1432-1017 (Online), Vol. 36, no 4-5, 451-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Knowledge of the structure, dynamics and interactions of polypeptides when associated with phospholipid bilayers is key to understanding the functional mechanisms of channels, antibiotics, signal- or translocation peptides. Solid-state NMR spectroscopy on samples uniaxially aligned relative to the magnetic field direction offers means to determine the alignment of polypeptide bonds and domains relative to the bilayer normal. Using this approach the 15N chemical shift of amide bonds provides a direct indicator of the approximate helical tilt, whereas the 2H solid-state NMR spectra acquired from peptides labelled with 3,3,3-2H3-alanines contain valuable complimentary information for a more accurate analysis of tilt and rotation pitch angles. The deuterium NMR line shapes are highly sensitive to small variations in the alignment of the Cα–Cβ bond relative to the magnetic field direction and, therefore, also the orientational distribution of helices relative to the membrane normal. When the oriented membrane samples are investigated with their normal perpendicular to the magnetic field direction, the rate of rotational diffusion can be determined in a semi-quantitative manner and thereby the aggregation state of the peptides can be analysed. Here the deuterium NMR approach is first introduced showing results from model amphipathic helices. Thereafter investigations of the viral channel peptides Vpu1–27 and Influenza A M222–46 are shown. Whereas the 15N chemical shift data confirm the transmembrane helix alignments of these hydrophobic sequences, the deuterium spectra indicate considerable mosaic spread in the helix orientations. At least two peptide populations with differing rotational correlation times are apparent in the deuterium spectra of the viral channels suggesting an equilibrium between monomeric peptides and oligomeric channel configurations under conditions where solid-state NMR structural studies of these peptides have previously been performed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 36, no 4-5, 451-60 p.
Transmembrane channel protein, Oriented lipid bilayer, Amphipathic α-helix, Membrane protein structure determination, Topology, Angular restraints, Tilt and rotational pitch angle, Vpu, Influenza M2
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-14188DOI: doi:10.1007/s00249-006-0122-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-14188DiVA: diva2:153859