The study and analysis of musicians’ roles is proposed and elaborated in this study. By combining role analysis with Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of fields of cultural production, and Michel Foucault’s concepts of discourse and subject-position, the variation and differentiation within a musical style, subculture or movement can be studied as a multitude of possible positions within a field. Competition between and inflation of musicians is diminished when there are differing roles available. A Musician’s role is understood as a set of expectations, of what kind of music is played, in what way of performance, to what audience, by whom. The latter aspect is here further studied as a combination of communicated attitude towards music, relation to and behaviour towards the audience, and the identification of musician with the music, especially through the voice of the song lyrics. As an example, the swedish progressive music movements of the 1970’s is analysed as a system of different roles exposing political consciousness, authenticity, musical creativity and a non-hierarcical atttitude towards the audience.
2007. Vol. 89