Intensity modulated radiation therapy with electrons using algorithm based energy/range selection methods.
2004 (English)In: Radiotherapy and Oncology, ISSN 0167-8140, Vol. 73, no 2, 223-231 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In recent years photon intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) has gained attention due to its ability to improve conformity of dose distributions. A potential advantage of electron-IMRT is that the dose fall off in the depth dose curve makes it possible to modulate the dose distribution in the direction of the beam by selecting different electron energies. This paper examines the use of a computer based energy selection in combination with the IMRT technique to optimise the electron dose distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One centimetre square electron beamlets ranging from 2.5 to 50 MeV were pre-calculated in water using Monte Carlo methods. A modified IMRT optimisation tool was then used to find an optimum mix of electron energies and intensities. The main principles used are illustrated in some simple geometries and tested on two clinical cases of post-operated ca. mam. RESULTS: It is clearly illustrated that the energy optimisation procedure lowers the dose to lung and heart and makes the dose in the target more homogeneous. Increasing the energy at steep gradients compensates for lack of target coverage at beam edges and steep gradients. Comparison with a clinically acceptable four segment plan indicates the advantage of the used electron IMRT technique. CONCLUSIONS: Using an intensity optimised mix of computer selected electron energies has the potential to improve electron treatments for mastectomy patients with good target coverage and reduced dose to normal tissue such as lung and heart.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 73, no 2, 223-231 p.
Radiotherapy, conformal therapy, IMRT, electrons
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-14818DOI: 10.1016/j.radonc.2004.08.020PubMedID: 15542170OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-14818DiVA: diva2:154490