Nutritional regulation of lipoprotein lipase in mice
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, ISSN 1357-2725, E-ISSN 1878-5875, Vol. 36, no 2, 320-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Tissue-specific regulation of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) has been extensively studied in rats. The mouse is now the most used animal in lipoprotein research, and we have therefore explored the regulation of LPL in this species. In C57 black mice, fed ad libitum adipose tissue LPL activity changed about three-fold with the time of day, indicating a circadian rhythm. The highest activity was at midnight and the lowest activity was at noon. Withdrawal of food did not markedly accelerate the drop of activity that occurred from midnight until noon, but prevented the return of activity that occurred during the evening and early night. When food was returned to mice that had been fasted for 24h, adipose tissue LPL activity rose rapidly and returned to the fed level in 2h. LPL mass in adipose tissue changed less than LPL activity, indicating that regulation is mainly post-translational as previously demonstrated for rats. When transcription was blocked in fasted mice, adipose tissue LPL activity increased, as previously observed in rats. LPL activity in heart was highest early in the light period at 9:00h and lowest at 21:00h. The change was, however, only about 30%. Heparin-releasable LPL activity in heart was 1.8-fold higher in mice fasted for 6h compared to fed controls. We conclude that LPL activity responds to the nutritional state in the same direction and by the same mechanisms in mice as in rats, but the magnitude of the changes are less in mice.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 36, no 2, 320-329 p.
Adipose Tissue/metabolism, Animal Nutrition Physiology, Animals, Circadian Rhythm, Dactinomycin/pharmacology, Food Deprivation, Lipoprotein Lipase/*biosynthesis/metabolism, Male, Mice, Mice; Inbred C57BL, Myocardium/metabolism, Time Factors, Transcription; Genetic
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15202DOI: 10.1016/S1357-2725(03)00256-5PubMedID: 14643896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-15202DiVA: diva2:154874