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Nutritional regulation of lipoprotein lipase in mice
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Physiological chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Physiological chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Physiological chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences, Physiological chemistry.
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, ISSN 1357-2725, E-ISSN 1878-5875, Vol. 36, no 2, 320-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tissue-specific regulation of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) has been extensively studied in rats. The mouse is now the most used animal in lipoprotein research, and we have therefore explored the regulation of LPL in this species. In C57 black mice, fed ad libitum adipose tissue LPL activity changed about three-fold with the time of day, indicating a circadian rhythm. The highest activity was at midnight and the lowest activity was at noon. Withdrawal of food did not markedly accelerate the drop of activity that occurred from midnight until noon, but prevented the return of activity that occurred during the evening and early night. When food was returned to mice that had been fasted for 24h, adipose tissue LPL activity rose rapidly and returned to the fed level in 2h. LPL mass in adipose tissue changed less than LPL activity, indicating that regulation is mainly post-translational as previously demonstrated for rats. When transcription was blocked in fasted mice, adipose tissue LPL activity increased, as previously observed in rats. LPL activity in heart was highest early in the light period at 9:00h and lowest at 21:00h. The change was, however, only about 30%. Heparin-releasable LPL activity in heart was 1.8-fold higher in mice fasted for 6h compared to fed controls. We conclude that LPL activity responds to the nutritional state in the same direction and by the same mechanisms in mice as in rats, but the magnitude of the changes are less in mice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 36, no 2, 320-329 p.
Keyword [en]
Adipose Tissue/metabolism, Animal Nutrition Physiology, Animals, Circadian Rhythm, Dactinomycin/pharmacology, Food Deprivation, Lipoprotein Lipase/*biosynthesis/metabolism, Male, Mice, Mice; Inbred C57BL, Myocardium/metabolism, Time Factors, Transcription; Genetic
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15202DOI: 10.1016/S1357-2725(03)00256-5PubMedID: 14643896OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-15202DiVA: diva2:154874
Available from: 2008-01-11 Created: 2008-01-11 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Lipoprotein lipase: mechanism for adaptation of activity to the nutritional state
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lipoprotein lipase: mechanism for adaptation of activity to the nutritional state
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is an enzyme to hydrolyze triglycerides in lipoproteins and thereby make the fatty acids available for cellular metabolic reactions. Short-term fasting down-regulates LPL activity in adipose tissue. This regulation is through post-translational mechanism. The objective of this work was to investigate (1) The molecular mechansim for regulation of LPL activity in adipose tissue; (2) The basis for the tissue-specific regulation of LPL in adipose tissue, heart and skeletal muscle. LPL in adipose tissue can be found both inside (intracellular) and outside adipocytes (extracellular). Within adipocytes, neither LPL mass nor the distribution of LPL between active and inactive forms changed on fasting. Extracellular LPL mass also did not change significantly, but shifted from predominantly active to predominantly inactive. Activie, extracellular LPL was distributed in a similar way in the two nutritional states. The down-regulation during fasting is due to a decline of extracellular LPL activity. The up-regulation of LPL activity induced by re-feeding did not need new mRNA. The down-regulation of LPL activity induced by fasting did not occur when mRNA synthesis was inhibited. LPL activity in adipose tissue from fasted rats was fully restored by actinomycin. So fasting switches on a gene, whose product suppresses LPL activity. Similar results were also obtained in experiments on mice. When food was removed from young rats in the early morning, adipose tissue TNF-α activity increased and LPL activity decreased within six hours. There was a negative correlation between TNF-α and LPL activities. Pentoxifylline, that inhibits biosynthesis of TNF-α, almost abolished the rise of TNF-α and the decrease of LPL activity. Actinomycin D virtually abolished the response of LPL activity to fasting or exogenous TNF-α. This study suggests that fasting signals via TNF-α to a gene whose product causes a rapid shift of newly-synthesized LPL molecules towards an inactive form.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå university, 2004. 60 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 866
Keyword
Biochemistry, adipose tissue, heparin, extracellular, nutrition, turnover, actinomycin, Biokemi
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject
Biochemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-175 (URN)91-7305-554-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2004-01-30, N350, NVH-huset, campus, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2003-12-23 Created: 2003-12-23 Last updated: 2010-08-27Bibliographically approved

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