In vitro glucose-induced cataract in copper-zinc superoxide dismutase null mice
2005 (English)In: Experimental Eye Research, ISSN 0014-4835, E-ISSN 1096-0007, Vol. 81, no 6, 639-646 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the involvement of the superoxide radical in glucose-induced cataract using lenses from mice lacking the cytosolic copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1). Lenses from wild-type mice and SOD1 null mice were kept in organ culture with either 5.6 or 55.6 mM glucose for 6 days. The cataract formation was followed with digital image analysis and ocular staging. The lens damage was further quantified by analysis of the leakage of lactate dehydrogenase into the medium by the uptake of 86Rb and by determining the water content of the lenses. The formation of superoxide radicals in the lenses was assessed with lucigenin-derived chemiluminescence. Immunohistochemical staining for SOD1 was also performed on murine lenses. The SOD1 null lenses exposed to high glucose developed more cataract showed an increased leakage of lactate dehydrogenase and developed more oedema compared to the control lenses. At 5.6 mM glucose there was no difference between the SOD1 null and wild-type lenses. Staining for SOD1 was seen primarily in the cortex of the wild-type lens. This in vitro model suggests an involvement of the superoxide radical and a protective effect of SOD1 in glucose-induced cataract formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 81, no 6, 639-646 p.
animals, cataract/chemically induced/enzymology, female, glucose/pharmacology, image processing, computer-assisted, lens; crystalline/drug effects, male, mice, mice, knockout, organ culture techniques, superoxide dismutase/deficiency/genetics/physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15229DOI: 10.1016/j.exer.2005.03.022PubMedID: 15949797Local ID: 744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-15229DiVA: diva2:154901