Physiological and molecular diversity of feather moss associative N2-fixing cyanobacteria.
2005 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Botany, ISSN 0022-0957, Vol. 56, no 422, 3121-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cyanobacteria colonizing the feather moss Pleurozium schreberi were isolated from moss samples collected in northern Sweden and subjected to physiological and molecular characterization. Morphological studies of isolated and moss-associated cyanobacteria were carried out by light microscopy. Molecular tools were used for cyanobacteria identification, and a reconstitution experiment of the association between non-associative mosses and cyanobacteria was conducted. The influence of temperature on N2 fixation in the different cyanobacterial isolates and the influence of light and temperature on N2-fixation rates in the moss were studied using the acetylene reduction assay. Two different cyanobacteria were effectively isolated from P. schreberi: Nostoc sp. and Calothrix sp. A third genus, Stigonema sp. was identified by microscopy, but could not be isolated. The Nostoc sp. was found to fix N2 at lower temperatures than Calothrix sp. Nostoc sp. and Stigonema sp. were the predominant cyanobacteria colonizing the moss. The attempt to reconstitute the association between the moss and cyanobacteria was successful. The two isolated genera of cyanobacteria in feather moss samples collected in northern Sweden differ in their temperature optima, which may have important ecological implications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 56, no 422, 3121-7 p.
Base Sequence, Bryopsida/*microbiology/physiology, Cyanobacteria/classification/cytology/isolation & purification/*physiology, DNA; Bacterial/chemistry, Europe, Light, Molecular Sequence Data, Nitrogen Fixation/*physiology, Sequence Analysis; DNA, Symbiosis, Temperature
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15781DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eri309PubMedID: 16263908OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-15781DiVA: diva2:155453