The induction of CP43' by iron-stress in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 is associated with carotenoid accumulation and enhanced fatty acid unsaturation.
2007 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, ISSN 0006-3002, Vol. 1767, no 6, 807-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Comparative lipid analysis demonstrated reduced amount of PG (50%) and lower ratio of MGDG/DGDG in iron-stressed Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 cells compared to cells grown under iron sufficient conditions. In parallel, the monoenoic (C:1) fatty acids in MGDG, DGDG and PG increased from 46.8%, 43.7% and 45.6%, respectively in control cells to 51.6%, 48.8% and 48.7%, respectively in iron-stressed cells. This suggests increased membrane dynamics, which may facilitate the diffusion of PQ and keep the PQ pool in relatively more oxidized state in iron-stressed compared to control cells. This was confirmed by chlorophyll fluorescence and thermoluminescence measurements. Analysis of carotenoid composition demonstrated that the induction of isiA (CP43′) protein in response to iron stress is accompanied by significant increase of the relative abundance of all carotenoids. The quantity of carotenoids calculated on a Chl basis increased differentially with nostoxanthin, cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin and β-carotene showing 2.6-, 3.1-, 1.9- and 1.9-fold increases, respectively, while the relative amount of caloxanthin was increased only by 30%. HPLC analyses of the pigment composition of Chl–protein complexes separated by non-denaturating SDS-PAGE demonstrated even higher relative carotenoids content, especially of cryptoxanthin, in trimer and monomer PSI Chl–protein complexes co-migrating with CP43′ from iron-stressed cells than in PSI complexes from control cells where CP43′ is not present. This implies a carotenoid-binding role for the CP43′ protein which supports our previous suggestion for effective energy quenching and photoprotective role of CP43′ protein in cyanobacteria under iron stress.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 1767, no 6, 807-13 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15862DOI: doi:10.1016/j.bbabio.2007.02.006PubMedID: 17362874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-15862DiVA: diva2:155534