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Är det alltid rätt person som vinner?: bedömningarnas reliabilitet och validitet inom bedömningssporterna acroski och rytmisk gymnastik
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2001 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Did the right person win? In competitive sports the difference between winning and loosing can be very marginal but still the result will have a big impact. To finish second, even if it is an Olympic Game, can be felt like a failure for the athlete. In the light of this the quality of the measurements and the judgements in sports are an extremely important issue. In this dissertation, consisting of two separate reports and one summary report, the freestyle discipline, acroski, and the gymnastic discipline, rhythmic gymnastics (RG) where studied with a focus on the rules and judgements in the sports. The reliability and validity of the rule and judging systems were analysed together with changes in the rule and judging systems. The reliability, as the judges ability to interpret the rules and judge in a consistent way, and validity in the sense that the judgements, and the rules for the judgements, where in accordance with the idea of the sport. Information was gathered from rulebooks, judging manuals, meeting protocols, and historical documents. For information on how the rules and judgements where perceived among people involved in the two sports, interviews where carried out with two coaches, two judges and four athletes from each of the sports. In the summary report the results from the two reports where discussed and a comparison of the rule systems and judgements was made together with a discussion about reliability and validity problems in sports measured by time, length and height. The results showed that the rule and judging systems in acroski and RG in a short time have gone through major changes to increase the reliability and validity in the judgements. The quick evolution of these sports seems to be the main reason for these changes but also other factors where of vital importance. Finding the balance between making the judgements as objective as possible, without loosing the idea of the sport, together with the quick evolution of the sports, seemed to be the main challenges in the rule and judging systems of acroski and RG.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, Umeå , 2001. , 91 p.
Licentiatavhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen: Umeå universitet, ISSN 0283-9997
Keyword [en]
judgement, judging, measurements, sport, validity, reliability
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-15969ISBN: 91-7305-110-1OAI: diva2:155641
2001-10-19, Humanisthuset, Hörsal G, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2007-08-07 Created: 2007-08-07 Last updated: 2010-05-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Deciding who is the best: Validity issues in selections and judgements in elite sport
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Deciding who is the best: Validity issues in selections and judgements in elite sport
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about selection processes and processes of measuring and judging athletes in competitions in top-level sport. The purpose was to increase the knowledge of these processes and to analyse them from a validity perspective in order to contribute to the discussion of whether the “right” athletes are selected to participate in teams, competitions and games and whether the “right” athletes win. The rule and judging systems were investigated in the judged sports acroski and rhythmic gymnastics. Information was gathered through individual interviews with two judges, two coaches, and four elite athletes from each of the sports, and in addition to this the respective sport’s rule systems, judging manuals, meeting protocols and historical documents were studied. Selections to top-level sport teams were investigated by individual interviews with 14 top-level coaches (selectors) from the national league in soccer and a national team and from national teams in alpine skiing. The results from the judging study showed that both studied sports had undergone major changes in their rule and judging regulations, changes that had a considerable impact on the sports and the judgements. The level of definition of the rules and regulations was raised to increase the opportunities for clear and reliable judgements, but this became problematic for the overall validity of the judgements. The reason for this was that the new rules and regulations did not clearly correspond to the original idea of the sport, since the specified and detailed regulations lead to less originality and freedom in the performances. In the selection study, the results pointed to great differences in how precisely defined the selection criteria were among the teams. The selectors stated that well-defined selection criteria or grounds could be helpful in many ways, but they also emphasised how important it was for them that some parts of the selections were based on their subjective valuations of the athletes. Quite a few coaches from both sports argued that they would choose an athlete with good behaviour and favourable personality over an athlete with better sports skills, if they had an opportunity to do that depending on the selection system that was used. Overall, this research displays how validity issues connected to the selection and judging criteria and these processes might affect the outcome of the processes. It is notable that high reliability is in the main focus of the measuring and judging processes, while considerably vaguer and more subjective assessments are considered important in the selection process. The thesis points to the importance of discussing and understanding the consequences of rules, rule changes, selection and judging criteria as well as how these processes are performed, if the desired outcomes and consequences of the selection and judging processes are to be reached.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, 2010. 112 p.
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 95
selections in sports, predictions of sport performance, assessment of sport performance, consequences of selections, judgement, judging, measurements, sport, validity, reliability, acroski, alpine skiing, rhythmic gymnastics, soccer.
National Category
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33942 (URN)978-91-7264-979-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-04, Humanisthuset hörsal F, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2010-05-14 Created: 2010-05-11 Last updated: 2010-05-18Bibliographically approved

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