Swedish industry and Kyoto: An assessment of the effects of the European CO2emission permit trading system
2007 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 35, no 9, 4749-4762 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We assess the effects on Swedish industry input demands and output of different climate policy scenarios connected to energy policy induced by the Kyoto protocol. We use a unique dataset containing firm-level data on outputs and inputs between 1991 and 2001 to estimate a factor demand model, which we use to simulate different policy scenarios. Sector-specific estimation suggests that the proposed quadratic profit function specification exhibits properties and robustness that are consistent with economic theory; that is, all own-price elasticities are negative and all output elasticities are positive. Furthermore, the elasticities show that the input demands are, in most cases, relatively inelastic. Simulation of the model for six different policy scenarios reveal that effects on the Swedish base industry of a EU-level permit-trading system depends on (i) the removal or maintenance of the current CO2 tax, (ii) the price of permits, and (iii) the future price of electricity. Our analysis shows that changes in electricity price may be more important than the price of permits for some sectors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 35, no 9, 4749-4762 p.
CO2-emissions, Factor demand, Tradable permit market
Research subject Econometrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16090DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2007.04.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16090DiVA: diva2:155763