Short-term outcome after active perinatal management at 23-25 weeks of gestation. A study from two Swedish perinatal centres. Part 3: neonatal morbidity.
2004 (English)In: Acta Paediatr, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 93, no 8, 1090-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: To determine major neonatal morbidity in surviving infants born at 23-25 weeks, and to identify maternal and infant factors associated with major morbidity. METHODS: The medical records of 224 infants who were delivered at two tertiary care centres in 1992-1998 were reviewed retrospectively. At these centres, policies of active perinatal and neonatal management were universally applied. Of the 213 liveborn infants, 140 (66%) survived to discharge. Data were analysed by gestational age and considered in three time periods. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with morbidity. RESULTS: Of the survivors, 6% had intraventricular haemorrhage grade > or = 3 (severe IVH) or periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), 15% retinopathy of prematurity > or = stage 3 (severe ROP) and 36% bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). On logistic regression analysis, severe IVH or PVL was associated with duration of mechanical ventilation (odds ratio, OR: 1.53 per 1-wk increment in duration; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.01-2.33). Severe ROP was associated with the presence of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) (OR: 3.31; 95% CI: 1.11-9.90) and birth in time period 3 versus time periods 1 and 2 combined (OR: 6.28; 95% CI: 2.10-18.74). BPD was associated with duration of mechanical ventilation (OR: 2.71 per 1-wk increment in duration; 95% CI: 1.76-4.18) and with the presence of any obstetric complication (OR: 2.67; 95% CI: 1.07-6.65). Gestational age and birthweight were not associated with major morbidity. Of all survivors, 81% were discharged home without severe IVH, PVL or severe ROP. CONCLUSIONS: Increased survival as a result of active perinatal and neonatal management was associated with favourable morbidity rates compared with those in recent studies. Among survivors born at 23-25 weeks, neither gestational age nor birthweight was a significant determinant of major morbidity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 93, no 8, 1090-7 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16426PubMedID: 15456201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16426DiVA: diva2:156099