On the value of large predators in Sweden: a regional stratified contingent valuation analysis
2007 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, Vol. 88, no 4, 1066-1077 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper contributes with an applied policy analysis of the predator preservation policy in Sweden. We estimate the overall mean willingness to pay (WTP) for preserving the four large predators in the Swedish fauna by applying the contingent valuation method. Using survey data from 2004 we find that 50 percent of the Swedish population is willing to contribute financially toward implementation of the predator policy package, and that the estimated overall mean WTP is approximately SEK 290. Further, we test for spatial differences in attitudes and WTP and find that respondents in Stockholm have the highest overall mean WTP, while respondents living in wolf-territories have the lowest. Our mean WTP measure is flawed with upward bias, since we cannot estimate the willingness to accept for those with clearly negative preferences regarding the predator policy package (e.g. hunters). In this paper, we set their WTP equal to zero. Thus, we cannot rule out the possibility that the mean willingness to pay is, in fact, negative, i.e. the social-value of implementing the predator policy is negative. Finally, the estimates of the overall WTP are sensitive to response-uncertainty. When the respondents indicate uncertainty about their valuation, they tend to state higher values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 88, no 4, 1066-1077 p.
Willingness to pay, Contingent valuation, Predators, Policy analysis
Research subject Economics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16497DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.05.016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16497DiVA: diva2:156170