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Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige 1948-1971: en explorativ studie av inom- och utomvetenskapliga faktorer
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
1983 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)Alternative title
Educational research in Sweden 1948-1971 : an explorative study of internal and external factors (English)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this work has been to shed light on the science of education, primarily in the period 1948-1971. The work also consists of the establishment of education as an academic discipline (1910-1948). The theoretical frame of reference is Kuhn's theory about the structure of scientific revolutions. The dissertation consists of two main parts: in the first part a paradigm analysis is treated, where some theoretical considerations are applied with a view to examine the effects of external factors on educational research. The purpose of the paradigm analysis was partly to identify and describe any prevailing system of scientific norms and values that may exist, and partly to characterize the outcome of the . analysis in terms of the theory of scientific revolutions. The total scientific production, descriptions of model studies and model examples made up the three materials that were subjected to an analysis with a view to finding out the nature of the underlying paradigm. The analyses of these three material indicated,both individually and in combination, that educational research during the period in question was dominated by one system of norms and values: a neobehaviouristic one. It also turned out to be possible to distinguish one approach as deviating from the others, viz. the hermeneutic approach. The conclusion was that educational research, visavi the theory of paradigm, was in a multiparadigmatic phase. But we could also observe variations of approaches within the framework of the predominating paradigm. We took this state of affairs as a point of departure for theoretical considerations about the status of paradigm in the social sciences. The basis for this policy was Kuhn's claim that paradigm is the most controlling dimension during phases of normal science. Therefore we examined the relationship between internal and external factors within the predominating paradigm in order to shed light on the principal question as to what the main impetus of the development in Swedish educational research had been. After several analyses the question was answered in the following manner. The existence of a predominant scientific system of norms and values probably constituted one of the main prerequisites of a massive concentration on educational research. However, external circumstances gradually developed for this system of values new problems in the way of analysis. In this way the nature of educational research changed from a concentration on psychometry to a. concentration on "school research". This state of affairs has also probably implied that the scientific ambition of educational research was gradually changed from descriptive and expository reports towards official reports on questions that are important for the authorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1983. , 223 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Pedagogiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 0281-6768 ; 16
Keyword [en]
History of behavioral sciences, history of educational research, paradigm analysis, science and society
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16606ISBN: 91-7174-129-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16606DiVA: diva2:156279
Public defence
1983-05-27, Humanisthuset hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:15
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2007-10-07 Created: 2007-10-07 Last updated: 2013-05-15Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Vetenskapliga produkter från svenska pedagogiska institutioner 1948-1971
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vetenskapliga produkter från svenska pedagogiska institutioner 1948-1971
1975 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Scientific products from swedish educational departments 1948-1971
Abstract [sv]

Förteckningen omfattar ca 1000 titlar. Endast titlar på genomförda undersökningar har medtagits. Ytterligare kriterier: en undersökning ska vara utgiven vid en pedagogisk institution eller publicerad i en vetenskaplig tidskrift eller i annan tryckt form. Ett klassifi-kationssystem omfattande tio problemområderi har utvecklats. Titlarna har klassificerats samt ordnats institutionsvis med uppdelning på problemområden. Inom varje problemområde har titlarna ordnats efter utgivningsår. Förteckningen har försetts med ett författarregister.

Abstract [en]

The list consists of about 1000 titles. Solely titles of finished investigations have been included. Further criteria: an investigation should have been published at an educational department or published in a scientific journal or in other printed form. A classification scheme consisting of ten problem areas has been developed. The titles have been classified and arranged departmentwise with distribution in problem areas. Within each problem area the titles have been arranged according to publishing year. The list has been pro vided with an author index.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1975. 110 p.
Series
Pedagogiska monografier, Umeå, ISSN 0349-3067 ; 16
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-70391 (URN)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-05-15 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2013-05-15Bibliographically approved
2. Förebildliga undersökningar från svenska pedagogiska institutioner 1948-1971
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Förebildliga undersökningar från svenska pedagogiska institutioner 1948-1971
1976 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten innehåller analyser av 135 förebildliga undersökningar från svenska pedagogiska institutioner under tidsperioden 1948-1971. De förebildliga undersökningarna har valts av respektive institutionsföreträdare eller av dessa utsedda personer. Till hjälp vid urvalet fanns en för respektive institution utarbetad klassificerad förteckning över dennas vetenskapliga produktion under tidsperioden. De uttagna undersökningarna har analyserats med hjälp av ett analysschema som utvecklats för ändamålet. Analyserna har därefter skickats till respektive forskare för synpunkter och förslag till korrigeringar. Dessa synpunkter har beaktats och analyserna korrigerats i de här presenterade materialet. Analyserna presenteras institutionsvis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 1976. 158 p.
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-70390 (URN)
Projects
digitalisering@umu
Available from: 2013-05-15 Created: 2013-05-14 Last updated: 2013-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige 1948-1972(13888 kB)572 downloads
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