Extracytoplasmic-stress-responsive pathways modulate type III secretion in Yersinia pseudotuberculosis.
2007 (English)In: Infect Immun, ISSN 0019-9567, Vol. 75, no 8, 3913-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Three signal transduction pathways, the two-component systems CpxRA and BaeSR and the alternative sigma factor sigma(E), respond to extracytoplasmic stress that facilitates bacterial adaptation to changing environments. At least the CpxRA and sigma(E) pathways control the production of protein-folding and degradation factors that counter the effects of protein misfolding in the periplasm. This function also influences the biogenesis of multicomponent extracellular appendages that span the bacterial envelope, such as various forms of pili. Herein, we investigated whether any of these regulatory pathways in the enteropathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis affect the functionality of the Ysc-Yop type III secretion system. This is a multicomponent molecular syringe spanning the bacterial envelope used to inject effector proteins directly into eukaryotic cells. Disruption of individual components revealed that the Cpx and sigma(E) pathways are important for Y. pseudotuberculosis type III secretion of Yops (Yersinia outer proteins). In particular, a loss of CpxA, a sensor kinase, reduced levels of structural Ysc (Yersinia secretion) components in bacterial membranes, suggesting that these mutant bacteria are less able to assemble a functional secretion apparatus. Moreover, these bacteria were no longer capable of localizing Yops into the eukaryotic cell interior. In addition, a cpxA lcrQ double mutant engineered to overproduce and secrete Yops was still impaired in intoxicating cells. Thus, the Cpx pathway might mediate multiple influences on bacterium-target cell contact that modulate Yersinia type III secretion-dependent host cell cytotoxicity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 75, no 8, 3913-24 p.
Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism/physiology, Cell Survival, Gene Deletion, Hela Cells, Humans, Membrane Proteins/*metabolism, Organelles/physiology, Protein Folding, Protein Kinases/genetics/physiology, Protein Transport/physiology, Sigma Factor/genetics/physiology, Signal Transduction/genetics/*physiology, Transcription Factors/genetics/physiology, Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/*pathogenicity/*physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16667PubMedID: 17517869OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16667DiVA: diva2:156340