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Regulation of Lipid Composition in Acholeplasma laidlawii and Escherichia coli Membranes: NMR Studies of Lipid Lateral Diffusion at Different Growth Temperatures
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
2002 (English)In: Biochemistry, Vol. 41, no 38, 11512-5 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lipid lateral diffusion coefficients have been directly determined by pulsed field gradient NMR spectroscopy on macroscopically aligned, fully hydrated lamellar phases containing dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine and total lipid extracts from Acholeplasma laidlawii and Escherichia coli. The temperature dependence of the diffusion coefficient was of the Arrhenius type in the temperature interval studied. The sharp increase in the diffusion coefficient at the growth temperature of E. coli obtained by FRAP measurements, using a fluorescent probe molecule (Jin, A. J., Edidin, M., Nossal, R., and Gershfeld, N. L. (1999) Biochemistry 38, 13275-13278), was not observed. Thus, we conclude that the lipid structural properties (i.e., those affecting the lipid phase behavior), rather than the lipid dynamics, are involved in the adjustment of the membrane lipid composition. Further support for this conclusion is given by the finding that lipid extracts from A. laidlawii grown at different temperatures have about the same diffusion coefficients. Finally, the lipid lateral diffusion in bilayers of phospholipids was found to be much faster than that in bilayers of mainly glucolipids, which can be understood in terms of a free volume theory for the diffusion process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 41, no 38, 11512-5 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16780DOI: doi:10.1021/bi0263098OAI: diva2:156453
Available from: 2007-10-11 Created: 2007-10-11 Last updated: 2011-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Lindblom, GöranOrädd, GregerRilfors, Leif
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