Bioleaching of sulfidic tailing samples with a novel, vacuum-positive pressure driven bioreactor.
2005 (English)In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering, ISSN 0006-3592, E-ISSN 1097-0290, Vol. 92, no 5, 559-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study presents a design for a novel bioreactor that uses alternating vacuum and positive pressure cycles to transfer acidic leach solution in and out of contact with finely ground sulfidic mine tailings. These tailings constitute an environmental problem that needs experimental data to support the development of management and control strategies. A conventional stirred tank bioreactor was used as a reference system. Both bioreactors were inoculated with mixed cultures of acidophilic iron and sulfur oxidizers. The rate of the bioleaching of tailings was 0.50 +/- 0.14 g Fe/L . day in the stirred tank bioreactor and 0.17 +/- 0.05 g Fe/L . day in the novel bioreactor. Microbial populations were identified in the two-bioreactor systems by analysis of 16S rRNA genes involving amplification, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), cloning, and sequencing. The inoculum contained sulfur-oxidizing Acidithiobacillus caldus and Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans, iron oxidizers from the genera Leptospirillum and Ferroplasma, and a chemoorganotrophic Alicyclobacillus sp. During bioleaching of the tailings, the microbial populations in both bioreactors were similar to the inoculum culture, except that At. thiooxidans outgrew At. caldus. Sequences consistent with a Sulfobacillus sp. were amplified from both bioreactor samples although this bacterium was initially below the level of detection in the inoculum. After prolonged operation, Ferroplasma acidiphilum and an uncultured bacterium related to the CFB group were also detected in the novel bioreactor, whereas Sulfobacillus sp. was no longer detected. The novel bioreactor has potential uses in other areas of environmental biotechnology that involves periodic contact of liquids with solid substrates. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 92, no 5, 559-67 p.
Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans/*metabolism, Bioreactors/*microbiology, Cell Culture Techniques/*instrumentation/methods, Chemical Fractionation/*instrumentation/methods, Equipment Design, Equipment Failure Analysis, Pressure, Sulfides/*isolation & purification/*metabolism, Vacuum
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16789DOI: 10.1002/bit.20609PubMedID: 16245345OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16789DiVA: diva2:156462