Do Numbers Really Count? Group Threat Theory Revisited
2007 (English)In: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 33, no 8, 1253-1275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A specific case of group threat theory states that the size of a given minority has a direct bearing on anti-immigrant attitudes amongst the majority, a hypothesis that has been shown to have some merit, especially in the USA. This article embarks on group threat theory by focusing on the actual as well as the perceived size of a minority under different political circumstances. Data are drawn from the European Social Survey. After using multilevel analysis for 20 European countries, the paper concludes that neither actual nor perceived size matter for anti-immigrant attitudes in Europe. Nor does size have any effect under different economic or political contexts. This challenges both the theoretical foundation of this specific case of group threat as well as the European political discourse that claims that immigration needs to be reduced in order to lessen tension and, in the long run, preserve a stable democracy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 33, no 8, 1253-1275 p.
Group Threat, Xenophobia, Racism, Prejudice, Europe, Multilevel Analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16856OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16856DiVA: diva2:156529