Pasteurization of mother's own milk reduces fat absorption and growth in preterm infants.
2007 (English)In: Acta paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 96, no 10, 1445-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: A randomized study was conducted to evaluate whether pasteurized milk (Holder pasteurization 62.5 degrees C, 30 min) reduces fat absorption and growth in preterm infants. Methods: Preterm infants (825-1325 g) born with gestational age </=30 weeks were randomized into two groups, of which one started with pasteurized own mother's milk for 1 week and continued with raw milk the following week, and a second group was fed in reverse order. By using this design the infants served as their own controls. At the end of each week, a 72-h fat balance was performed and growth was monitored. Results: We found, on an average, 17% higher fat absorption with raw as compared to pasteurized milk. Infants gained more weight and linear growth assessed as knee-heel length was also greater during the week they were fed raw milk as compared to the week they were fed pasteurized milk. Conclusion: Feeding preterm infants pasteurized as compared to raw own mother's milk reduced fat absorption. When the infants were fed raw milk, they gained more in knee-heel length compared to when they were fed pasteurized milk.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 96, no 10, 1445-9 p.
Infants, milk, fat
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16871DOI: doi:10.1111/j.1651-2227.2007.00450.xPubMedID: 17714541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16871DiVA: diva2:156544