A study of the bending resistance of implant-supported reinforced alumina and machined zirconia abutments and copies
2008 (English)In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 24, no 5, 611-617 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the bending resistance of implant-supported CAD/CAM-processed restorations made out of zirconia or manually shaped made out of reinforced alumina.
METHODS: Units of abutments and copies made of (i) a prefabricated hot isostatic pressed (HIPed) yttrium oxide partially-stabilized zirconia (Y-TZP) (Denzir), (ii) a prefabricated densely-sintered magnesia partially stabilized zirconia (Mg-PSZ) (Denzir-M) or, copies made of (iii) a prefabricated partially-sintered, porous reinforced alumina ceramic (RN synOcta-In-Ceram) were subjected to static loading perpendicularly at the long axis. The abutments were attached to either stainless steel analogs or titanium implant fixtures. The Y-TZP and Mg-PSZ copies were bonded onto the ceramic abutments with a dual-cured resin composite (Rely-X Unicem). Units of titanium abutment attached to a titanium implant fixtures were used as reference.
RESULTS: The units comprising Denzir abutments as delivered (p<0.05) and heat-treated Denzir copies bonded to the Denzir abutments as delivered (p<0.01) and attached to stainless steel analogs exhibited significantly higher bending resistance than the control. The heat-treated Denzir copies bonded to the heat-treated Denzir M abutments attached to titanium implant fixtures and the In-Ceram specimens attached to stainless steel analogs showed significantly (p<0.05) lower bending resistance than the heat-treated Denzir copies bonded to the Denzir abutments as delivered and attached to stainless steel analogs. No statistically significant (p>0.05) differences were seen among the other groups studied.
SIGNIFICANCE: All the ceramic abutments and copies exhibited values that were equal or superior to that of the control and exceeded the reported value, up to 300 N, for maximum incisal bite forces. To assess the clinical behavior long-term clinical studies should be conducted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 24, no 5, 611-617 p.
CAD/CAM, Dental ceramics, Dental implants, Mg-PSZ, Titanium, Y-TZP
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-16922DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2007.05.021PubMedID: 17681595OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-16922DiVA: diva2:156595