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Community integration, social support and life satisfaction in relation to symptoms 3 years after mild traumatic brain injury
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation.
2007 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301x, Vol. 21, no 9, 933-942 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between psychosocial functioning (community integration, life satisfaction and social support) and symptoms (post-concussion, post-traumatic stress and depression) in persons with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) 3 years after the trauma.

METHODS: Population-based follow-up study of 163 patients. At follow-up, an assessment of community integration, social support, life satisfaction and symptoms was made.

RESULTS: Total score of Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) was negatively correlated to total score of the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ, r = -0.270, p < 0.001) and to total score of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, r = -0.332, p < 0.001). Life satisfaction (LiSat-11) was negatively correlated to the RPQ (r = -0.459, p < 0.001), to total score of the Impact of Event Scale (IES, r = -0.365, p < 0.001) and to the BDI (r = -0.642, p < 0.001). Low levels of life satisfaction were common at follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of the individuals with MTBI experienced both psychosocial difficulties, with low levels of life satisfaction in particular and symptoms (post-concussion, post-traumatic stress and depression) 3 years after trauma. Since the possibility of pre-injury factors contributing to the condition at follow-up cannot be ruled out, the study indicates that all these factors should be taken into consideration in the management of persons with MTBI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Ltd , 2007. Vol. 21, no 9, 933-942 p.
Keyword [en]
Traumatic brain injury, brain concussion, community integration, life satisfaction, post-concussion symptoms, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17023DOI: 10.1080/02699050701553189PubMedID: 17729046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-17023DiVA: diva2:156696
Available from: 2007-10-25 Created: 2007-10-25 Last updated: 2010-08-23Bibliographically approved

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Stålnacke, Britt-Marie

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