Community integration, social support and life satisfaction in relation to symptoms 3 years after mild traumatic brain injury
2007 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301x, Vol. 21, no 9, 933-942 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between psychosocial functioning (community integration, life satisfaction and social support) and symptoms (post-concussion, post-traumatic stress and depression) in persons with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) 3 years after the trauma.
METHODS: Population-based follow-up study of 163 patients. At follow-up, an assessment of community integration, social support, life satisfaction and symptoms was made.
RESULTS: Total score of Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ) was negatively correlated to total score of the Rivermead Post-Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ, r = -0.270, p < 0.001) and to total score of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, r = -0.332, p < 0.001). Life satisfaction (LiSat-11) was negatively correlated to the RPQ (r = -0.459, p < 0.001), to total score of the Impact of Event Scale (IES, r = -0.365, p < 0.001) and to the BDI (r = -0.642, p < 0.001). Low levels of life satisfaction were common at follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of the individuals with MTBI experienced both psychosocial difficulties, with low levels of life satisfaction in particular and symptoms (post-concussion, post-traumatic stress and depression) 3 years after trauma. Since the possibility of pre-injury factors contributing to the condition at follow-up cannot be ruled out, the study indicates that all these factors should be taken into consideration in the management of persons with MTBI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Ltd , 2007. Vol. 21, no 9, 933-942 p.
Traumatic brain injury, brain concussion, community integration, life satisfaction, post-concussion symptoms, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17023DOI: 10.1080/02699050701553189PubMedID: 17729046OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-17023DiVA: diva2:156696