Dental caries and caries associated factors in Swedish 15-year-olds in relation to immigrant background.
2005 (English)In: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 29, no 2, 71-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of caries and caries associated variables in 15-year-olds in relation to foreign background and to examine differences in the prevalence of caries in immigrant adolescents according to their length of residence in Sweden. All 15-year-old adolescents (n=143) at one public school in the city of Jönköping, Sweden were asked to participate in the study. The adolescents were divided into two groups according to their background: immigrants and non-immigrants. Data on caries prevalence were extracted from the dental records of the examination made when the participants were 15 years old. The proportions of immigrants and non-immigrants free from carious lesions were equal. Immigrant adolescents, however, had on average more enamel carious lesions. Adolescents born in Sweden of immigrant parents or who had arrived before 1 year of age had a caries prevalence similar to those of non-immigrant adolescents, whereas children who had immigrated to Sweden after 7 years of age had a caries prevalence that was 2-3 times higher. As the caries carious lesions in immigrant adolescents is mainly restricted to the enamel, and possibly reversible, early introduction of preventive programmes seems essential.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 29, no 2, 71-79 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17125PubMedID: 16035350OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-17125DiVA: diva2:156798