Cross-cultural Comparison of Motivation to Learn in Physical Education: Japanese vs Swedish Schoolchildren
2007 (English)In: Psychological Reports, ISSN 0033-2941, Vol. 101, 597-613 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The present study compared differences between Japanese and Swedish schoolchildren in learning motivation-related variables in physical education. The subjects were 1,562 Japanese fifth and sixth graders (776 boys and 786 girls) ranging in age from 10 to 12 years and 573 Swedish fifth graders (306 boys and 267 girls) from 10 to 13 years (M= 11.4, SD=0.5). They completed three questionnaires to evaluate the children's learning motivation, factors supporting motivation to learn, and preferences of learning behavior. The questionnaires were taken from Nishida's Diagnosis of Learning Motivation in Physical Education Test, a multidimensional and comprehensive test that measures learning motivation. A 2 x 2 (country by sex) multivariate analysis of variance indicated both Swedish boys and girls scored significantly higher than the Japanese children on most subscales. Results were discussed in relation to differences in the sports environment and culture of the two countries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 101, 597-613 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17179DOI: 10.2466/PR0.101.2.597-613OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-17179DiVA: diva2:156852