An overview of the current status of national reporting systems for adverse reactions to dental materials.
2004 (English)In: Journal of Dentistry, ISSN 0300-5712, Vol. 32, no 5, 351-358 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: Since all dental materials pose a potential risk to patients and members of the dental team, the post-market monitoring of adverse reactions caused by dental materials should be considered essential. This article reviews the current status of post-market monitoring of adverse reactions to dental materials and highlights some of the issues that arise in trying to establish an evidence base on the characteristics of adverse reactions to dental materials. METHODS: Norway, Sweden and more recently the UK have sought to monitor adverse reactions to dental materials systematically and proactively in an effort to add to the evidence base on the safety of dental materials. Their experiences in undertaking post-market surveillance have been combined in preparing this article. RESULTS: To date the Norwegian, Swedish and the UK projects has received 1268 reports over 11 years, 848 reports over 5.5 years and 1117 reports over 3 years, respectively, relating to adverse reactions seen or experienced by dental personnel and patients. Presently, there are no harmonized criteria for what can be classified as an adverse reaction related to dental materials. Under reporting is a recognised problem and lack of awareness and lack of clarity as to what constitutes an adverse reaction may be contributory factors. A pro-active reporting system takes a considerable time to become established, but can generate a lot of potentially useful information. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to raise the awareness among dental professionals of the potential for adverse reactions due to dental materials and to develop an internationally accepted system of data gathering that can produce the evidence that reflect the extent, severity and incidence of adverse reactions to dental materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 32, no 5, 351-358 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17358DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2004.02.001PubMedID: 15193782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-17358DiVA: diva2:157031