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Severe periodontitis enhances macrophage activation via increased serum lipopolysaccharide.
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2004 (English)In: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, ISSN 1079-5642, Vol. 24, no 11, 2174-2180 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: In periodontitis, overgrowth of Gram-negative bacteria and access of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to circulation may activate macrophages leading to foam cell formation. We investigated whether periodontal treatment affects proatherogenic properties of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and, thus, macrophage activation. METHODS AND RESULTS: LDL was isolated and characterized before and after treatment from 30 systemically healthy patients with periodontitis. Production of cytokines and LDL cholesteryl ester (LDL-CE) uptake by macrophages (RAW 264.7) was determined. Baseline periodontal variables correlated positively with serum LPS and C-reactive protein concentrations, as well as macrophage cytokine production and LDL-CE uptake. LPS concentration correlated positively with serum concentration of oxidized LDL and cytokine production. Higher cytokine production and LDL-CE uptake were induced by LDL isolated from patients with elevated number of affected teeth before treatment. Patients with serum LPS concentrations above the median (0.87 ng/mL) at baseline had higher serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (baseline versus after treatment, 1.30+/-0.19 versus 1.48+/-0.28 mmol/L; P=0.002) and HDL/LDL ratio (0.31+/-0.01 versus 0.34+/-0.10; P=0.048), but lower serum LPS concentration (1.70+/-0.49 versus 0.98+/-0.50 ng/mL; P=0.004) and autoantibodies to beta2-glycoprotein I (0.11+/-0.06 versus 0.09+/-0.04 ELISA units; P=0.022) after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that in systemically healthy patients, the infected/inflamed area in periodontitis is associated with macrophage activation via increased serum LPS concentration.

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2004. Vol. 24, no 11, 2174-2180 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17415DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000145979.82184.9fPubMedID: 15388525OAI: diva2:157088
Available from: 2007-11-09 Created: 2007-11-09 Last updated: 2009-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Asikainen, Sirkka
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Oral Microbiology
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