Antibodies to periodontal pathogens are associated with coronary heart disease.
2003 (English)In: Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology, ISSN 1524-4636, Vol. 23, no 7, 1250-1254 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the association of coronary heart disease (CHD) and serology of periodontitis in a random sample (n=1163) of men (aged 45 to 74 years) by determining serum IgG-antibodies to Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. METHODS AND RESULTS: CHD (n=159) was more prevalent among edentulous than dentate subjects (19.8% and 12.1%, P=0.003). In the dentate population, CHD was more common among subjects seropositive for P. gingivalis compared with those seronegative (14.0% and 9.7%, P=0.029). Accordingly, CHD was more prevalent in subjects with a high combined antibody response than those with a low response (17.4% and 11.1%, P=0.026). When adjusted for age and several CHD risk factors, the subjects with a high combined antibody response had an odds ratio of 1.5 (95% CI, 0.95 to 2.50, P=0.077) for prevalent CHD. In a linear regression model, the combined antibody response was directly associated with prevalent CHD (P=0.046) and inversely with serum HDL cholesterol concentration (P=0.050). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, edentulousness and serum antibodies to major periodontal pathogens were associated with CHD. This suggests that periodontal infection or response of the host against the infection may play a role in the pathogenesis of CHD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 23, no 7, 1250-1254 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-17446DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000072969.71452.87PubMedID: 12714435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-17446DiVA: diva2:157119