Abundant secretion of bioactive interleukin-1beta by human macrophages induced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin
2005 (English)In: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 73, no 1, 453-458 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans produces a leukotoxin that selectively kills human leukocytes. Recently, we reported that macrophages are highly sensitive to leukotoxin and that their lysis involves activation of caspase 1. In this study, we show that leukotoxin also induces the production and release of proinflammatory cytokines from human macrophages. The macrophages were challenged with leukotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from A. actinomycetemcomitans or LPS from Escherichia coli, and the production and secretion of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) were determined at the mRNA and protein levels by reverse transcription-PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Leukotoxin (1 to 30 ng/ml) induced abundant production and secretion of IL-1beta, while the effects on IL-6 and TNF-alpha production were limited. Leukotoxin (1 ng/ml) caused a 10-times-higher release of IL-1beta than did LPS (100 ng/ml). The secreted IL-1beta was mainly the bioactive 17-kDa protein. At higher concentrations (>30 ng/ml), leukotoxin caused secretion of mainly inactive cytokine, the 31-kDa pro-IL-1beta. The presence of specific antibodies to IL-1beta or of a caspase 1 inhibitor blocked the secretion and production of the cytokine. Supernatants of leukotoxin-challenged macrophages stimulated bone resorption when tested in a mouse calvarial model. The activity could be blocked by an IL-1 receptor antagonist or specific antibodies to IL-1beta. We concluded that A. actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin can trigger abundant production and secretion of bioactive IL-1beta by human macrophages, which is mediated by activation of caspase 1.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 73, no 1, 453-458 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-18061DOI: 10.1128/IAI.73.1.453-458.2005PubMedID: 15618184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-18061DiVA: diva2:157734