Plasticity of executive functioning in young and older adults: immediative training gains, transfer, and long-term maintenance
2008 (English)In: Psychology and Aging, ISSN 0882-7974, E-ISSN 1939-1498, Vol. 23, no 4, 720-730 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The authors investigated immediate training gains, transfer effects, and 18-month maintenance after 5 weeks of computer-based training in updating of information in working memory in young and older subjects. Trained young and older adults improved significantly more than controls on the criterion task (letter memory), and these gains were maintained 18 months later. Transfer effects were in general limited and restricted to the young participants, who showed transfer to an untrained task that required updating (3-back). The findings demonstrate substantial and durable plasticity of executive functioning across adulthood and old age, although there appear to be age-related constraints in the ability to generalize the acquired updating skill.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association , 2008. Vol. 23, no 4, 720-730 p.
executive training, age-related differences, plasticity, maintenance, transfer
Medical and Health Sciences Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject medicinsk beteendevetenskap; Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-18299DOI: 10.1037/a0014296OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-18299DiVA: diva2:158514