Chlorophyll limitation in plants remodels and balances the photosynthetic apparatus by changing the accumulation of photosystems I and II through two different approaches.
2009 (English)In: Physiologia Plantarum: An International Journal for Plant Biology, ISSN 0031-9317, E-ISSN 1399-3054, Vol. 135, no 2, 214-228 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Arabidopsis plants with a reduced expression of CHL27 (chl27), an enzyme (EC 220.127.116.11) required for the synthesis of Pchlide, are chlorotic and have a Chl a/b ratio two times higher than wild-type (WT). Knockdown plants transformed with a construct constitutively expressing CHL27 recovered regarding Chl level, a/b ratio and 77K fluorescence. A negative correlation was found between total Chl and Chl a/b ratio in the examined plants. The chl27 plants fail to assemble WT amounts of complete PSI and PSII, leading to an elevated PSII/PSI ratio. The PSI remaining in chl27 is fully functional with a quantum yield higher than for WT. Despite a severe reduction of photosystem II antennae protein (LHCII) and an increased proportion of stroma lammella, the chl27 plants are able to perform state transitions. No major differences were found regarding PSII quantum yield, qN and 1 - qp whereas non-photochemical quenching was decreased by a factor two in chl27 plants. The PSII quantum yield for dark-adapted plants and plants given 10 min recovery after high light treatment were similar for both WT and chl27 showing that chl27 plants are not more susceptible to photoinhibition than WT. Taken together the plant manage to acclimate and to balance the two photosystems well even when it is severely limited in Chl. The way to achieve this differs for the two photosystems: regarding PSI a general reduction of core and antenna subunits occurs with no apparent change in the antenna composition; whereas for PSII there is a preferential loss of antenna proteins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 135, no 2, 214-228 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-18315DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-3054.2008.01181.xPubMedID: 19055541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-18315DiVA: diva2:158542