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Changing Perspectives: Adaptable Interpretations of Norms for Agents
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5103-8127
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Computing Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8430-4241
2022 (English)In: Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XXII: 22nd International Workshop, MABS 2021, Virtual Event, May 3-7, 2021, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Koen H. Van Dam; Nicolas Verstaevel, Springer, 2022, Vol. 13128 LNAI, p. 139-152Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

For agent-based social simulations to be a powerful tool for policy makers and other decision makers in a given context (e.g. the current COVID-19 pandemic), they need to be socially realistic and thus, appropriately represent complex social concepts, such as social rules. In this paper, we focus on norms. Norms describe ‘normal’ behavior and aim at assuring the interests and values of groups or the society as a whole. People react differently to norms, and focus only on the parts that are relevant for them. Furthermore, norms are not only restrictions on behavior, but also trigger new behavior. Seeing a norm only as a restriction on certain behavior misses important aspects and leads to simulations that can be very misleading. Different perspectives need to be incorporated into the simulation to capture the variety of ways different stakeholders react to a norm and how this affects their interaction. We therefore present an approach to include these different perspectives on norms, and their consequences for different people and groups in decision support simulations. A perspective is specified by their goals, actions, effects of those actions, priorities in values, and social affordances. Through modeling perspectives we enable policy makers and other decision makers (the users) to be active in the modeling process and to tailor the simulation to their specific needs, by representing norms as modifiable objects, and providing textual and graphical representations of norms. This provides them with differentiated insights meaningful for the decisions they are faced with. We indicate the requirements for both the simulation platform as well as the agents that follow from our approach. Early explorations of our social simulation are showing the necessity of our approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022. Vol. 13128 LNAI, p. 139-152
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 1611-3349
Keywords [en]
Norms, Social rules, Social simulation
National Category
Computer Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-192517DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-94548-0_11Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85124118865ISBN: 978-3-030-94547-3 (print)ISBN: 978-3-030-94548-0 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-192517DiVA, id: diva2:1640294
Conference
22nd International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABS 2021, Virtual, Online, May 3-7, 2021.
Note

Also part of the Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence book sub series (LNAI, volume 13128).

Available from: 2022-02-24 Created: 2022-02-24 Last updated: 2023-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Kammler, ChristianDignum, FrankLindgren, Helena

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CiteExportLink to record
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