Incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure among male workers at an engineering plant a cohort study.
2008 (English)In: Journal of occupational medicine and toxicology (London, England), ISSN 1745-6673, 3-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon in relation to hand-arm vibration exposure in a cohort consisting of male office and manual workers. METHODS: The baseline population consisted of 94 office and 147 manual workers at an engineering plant. Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) was assessed at baseline and at follow up (at 5, 10 and 15 years). A retrospective and a prospective cohort analysis of data were done. Hand-arm vibration exposure dose was defined as the product of exposure duration and the weighted hand-arm vibration exposure value according to ISO 5349-1. RESULTS: The retrospective/prospective incidence of Raynaud's phenomenon was 16/14 per 1000 exposure years among exposed and 2.4/5.0 per 1000 years among the not exposed. The retrospective dose response curve based on 4 dose classes showed that class 2, 3 and 4 had similar response and showed higher incidence than the not-exposed. The dose with RP response to hand-arm vibration corresponded to a 10 year A(8) value between 0.4-1.0 m/s2. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the EU directive on an action value for hand-arm vibration of 2.5 m/s2 is not too low. Rather, it suggests that employers should take on actions even at exposure values of 1 m/s2A(8).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. 3-13 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-18788DOI: 10.1186/1745-6673-3-13PubMedID: 18558009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-18788DiVA: diva2:174766