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The law of communicable diseases act and disclosure to sexual partners among HIV-positive youth.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine.
2008 (English)In: Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, ISSN 1745-0128, E-ISSN 1745-0136, Vol. 3, no 3, 234-242 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is included among the venereal diseases covered by the Law of Communicable Diseases Act. HIV-positive (HIV(+)) people are required to inform their sexual partners about their infection and adopt safe sex behaviours. However, it is unclear how the law is perceived. This study explores how HIV(+) youth in Sweden perceive the law, handle their sexuality and disclose their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners. Ten HIV(+) women and men between 17 and 24 years of age were recruited from three different HIV infection clinics. These participants were interviewed in depth. The interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed according to a grounded theory approach. The core category-cultured to take responsibility-illuminates the informants' double-edged experiences regarding the law and how they handle disclosure to sexual partners. The legislation implies both support and burden for these HIV(+) youth; they feel that they have a great deal of responsibility, sometimes more than they can handle. 'Switch off lust', 'balancing lust, fear and obedience' and 'switch off the disease' are strategies that describe how the informants manage sexuality and disclosure. Young HIV(+) people have a difficult time informing partners of their HIV diagnosis and discussing safe sex strategies. These are challenges that health care providers need to take seriously. HIV(+) youth need better communication strategies to negotiate safer sex. Staff with extended education on sexuality should be a part of HIV health care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 3, no 3, 234-242 p.
National Category
Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-18800DOI: 10.1080/17450120802069109PubMedID: 22639678OAI: diva2:174811
Available from: 2009-02-25 Created: 2009-02-25 Last updated: 2013-03-14Bibliographically approved

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