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Executive control functions in simulated driving
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2009 (English)In: Applied neuropsychology, ISSN 0908-4282, E-ISSN 1532-4826, Vol. 16, no 1, 11-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Teenage novice drivers have elevated crash rates compared with more experienced drivers. This study examined the hypothesis that driving accidents in young adults are associated with individual and developmental differences in prefrontally-mediated executive control functions. High-school students completed a simulated driving task and six experimental tasks that tapped three basic components of executive functioning (response inhibition, working memory updating, and mental shifting). Individual differences in executive functioning were related to simulated driving performance, and these effects were selective in that the updating component of executive functioning was the primary predictor of driving performance. Furthermore, the observed effects were accentuated in participants with minimal experience of computer games, suggesting that computer game skills compensated for inefficient working memory functions. The results of this study suggest that individual and developmental differences in executive functions contribute to driving accidents in young adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Psychology Press Taylor and Francis , 2009. Vol. 16, no 1, 11-18 p.
Keyword [en]
executive function, inhibition, task shifting, teen driving, working memory
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19026DOI: 10.1080/09084280802644086OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19026DiVA: diva2:201196
Available from: 2009-03-03 Created: 2009-03-03 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Mäntylä, TimoKarlsson, Martin J.Marklund, Markus
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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