Spatial variations in prostate tissue histology as measured by a tactile resonance sensor
2007 (English)In: Physiological Measurement, ISSN 0967-3334, Vol. 28, no 10, 1267-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In recent years, tactile sensors based on piezoelectric resonance sensor technology have been used for medical diagnosis where the sensor's stiffness-measuring properties can reflect tissue pathology. The change in the frequency of the resonating system and the change in force when contact is made with tissue are used as a stiffness parameter. Earlier stiffness measurements of prostate tissue in vitro demonstrate variations related to tissue composition. In this study, measured stiffness from two human prostate specimens was compared to histological composition of prostate tissue below and around the measurement points. Tissue stiffness was measured with the resonance sensor system. Tissue composition was measured at four different depths in the tissue specimen using a microscopic-image-based morphometrical method. With this method, the proportion of tissue types was determined at the points of intersections in a circular grid on the images representing each measurement point. Numerical values were used for weighting the tissue proportions at different depths in the tissue specimen. For an impression depth of 1.0 mm, the sensing depth in this study was estimated to be 3.5-5.5 mm. Stiffness variations due to horizontal tissue variations were investigated by studying the dependence of the size of the circular grid area relative to the contact area of the sensor tip. The sensing area (grid radius) was estimated to be larger than the contact area (contact radius) between the sensor tip and the tissue. Thus, the sensor tip registers spatial variations in prostate tissue histology, both directly below and lateral to the tip itself. These findings indicate that tumours around the sensor tip could be detected, which in turn supports the idea of a future resonance-sensor-based clinical device for detecting tumours and for guiding biopsies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 28, no 10, 1267-81 p.
prostate tissue, tactile sensor
Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19113DOI: 10.1088/0967-3334/28/10/011PubMedID: 17906393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19113DiVA: diva2:201410