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Organizational impact on psychosocial working conditions
National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington DC, USA.
2008 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 30, no 4, 451-459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a multilevel approach, this study explores how job demands and control are dependent on the organizational context in which work is performed. The data set consisted of 3,485 employees at 51 establishments divided into 141 sub-units and belonging to 10 parent organizations. Data were collected by means of a survey answered by the employees and structured interviews conducted with operative managers at participating establishments. The results showed that a significant proportion of the variance in job demands and control was attributed to the organization, and that the three organizational levels varied in terms of their impact on the two psychosocial dimensions. More specifically, job demands were mostly affected by the establishment level, while the sub-unit level seemed to be the most important for job control. It is concluded that in studies of working conditions, the organizational context should be considered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2008. Vol. 30, no 4, 451-459 p.
Keyword [en]
control, JD-C model, job demands, Multilevel analysis, organization
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19144ISI: 000258695100013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19144DiVA: diva2:201470
Available from: 2009-03-04 Created: 2009-03-04 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The importance of organizational characteristics for psychosocial working conditions and health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The importance of organizational characteristics for psychosocial working conditions and health
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The importance of organizations for understanding differences in the working conditions and health of employees is often emphasized but rarely explored empirically. The general aim of this thesis is to describe organizational characteristics of workplaces, and to assess their impact on the psychosocial working conditions and health of employees. In modern working life, it is assumed that employees' working conditions and health are affected by a general transformation of workplaces from bureaucracy to post-bureaucracy.

 The organizational data used are based on structured interviews with managers at workplaces in different types of operations in mid-Sweden, whereas the individual data consist of a questionnaire to all employees working in the participating workplaces, resulting in a dataset of 90 workplaces and 4306 individuals. Descriptive analysis was carried out for comparison of organizational characteristics in different types of operations, while multilevel analysis was applied to investigate the magnitude of the organizational impact on psychosocial working conditions, and to analyze associations between organizational characteristics, psychosocial working conditions and health.

The results showed that the workplaces were mainly displayed by a combination of bureaucratic and post-bureaucratic characteristics, and these were unequally distributed between types of operations. A systematic variation in the psychosocial working conditions and health of employees was found between workplaces, and the variation in psychosocial working conditions was attributed to several organizational levels. The variation between workplaces was explained by both organizational characteristics of the workplaces and individual characteristics of the employees. Formalization, centralization, job enrichment, individual responsibility, soft control systems, and performance control were associated with psychosocial working conditions when controlled for occupational class, gender and age of employees, and a high degree of customer adaptation was associated with increased sickness absence of employees.  

It is concluded that bureaucracy and post-bureaucracy should not be regarded as dichotomies. Organizational characteristics of workplaces have an impact on the psychosocial working conditions and health of employees beyond occupational class. This has implications for both the theory and the practice of occupational health research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Print & Media, 2009. 59 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 54
Keyword
Organization, workplace, bureaucracy, post-bureaucracy, psychosocial working conditions, JDC model, multilevel analysis, health, sickness absence
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-18285 (URN)789-91-7264-735-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-03-27, Hörsal F, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, 901 87, Umeå , 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
The Healthy Workplace Study
Available from: 2009-03-11 Created: 2009-02-02 Last updated: 2009-03-27Bibliographically approved

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