Dual effects of TNFalpha on nerve fiber formation from ventral mesencephalic organotypic tissue cultures
2008 (English)In: Brain Research, ISSN 0006-8993, E-ISSN 1872-6240, Vol. 1215, 30-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is toxic to dopamine neurons and increased levels of TNFalpha are observed in Parkinson's disease. Dopamine nerve fiber outgrowth in organotypic cultures of fetal ventral mesencephalon occurs in two waves. The early appearing nerve fibers are formed in the absence of astroglia, while migrating astrocytes guide the late appearing dopamine nerve fibers. TNFalpha (40 ng/ml) was added to the medium of organotypic ventral mesencephalic tissue cultures between days 4-7 and 11-14. The cultures were evaluated at days 7 or 19 to study the effects of TNFalpha on both types of nerve fiber formation. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunohistochemistry demonstrated that the number of cultures showing non-glial-guided TH-positive outgrowth was reduced compared to controls, when TNFalpha was added at day 4. By contrast, the glial-guided TH-positive nerve fiber outgrowth and the astrocytic migration reached significantly longer distances by early TNFalpha treatment. Ki67-immunohistochemistry revealed that TNFalpha did not affect proliferation of astrocytes. Treatment with TNFalpha and antibodies against TNFalpha receptor 1 between days 4 and 7 revealed that the non-glial-guided TH-positive outgrowth reappeared. TNFalpha treatment between days 11 and 14 triggered neither the TH-positive glial-guided outgrowth, nor promoted the astrocytic migration to reach longer distances. The number of microglia was significantly increased after the late but not early TNFalpha treatment. In conclusion, TNFalpha is toxic for the non-glial dopaminergic nerve fiber outgrowth but stimulates the glial-guided outgrowth and the migration of astrocytes at an early time point. TNFalpha increased the number of microglia in VM tissue cultures after late but not after early treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 1215, 30-39 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19394DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2008.03.070PubMedID: 18482714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19394DiVA: diva2:201773