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Bio-inspired sensorization of a biomechatronic robot hand for the grasp-and-lift task.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Integrative Medical Biology (IMB), Physiology.
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2008 (English)In: Brain Research Bulletin, ISSN 0361-9230, E-ISSN 1873-2747, Vol. 75, no 6, 785-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been concluded from numerous neurophysiological studies that humans rely on detecting discrete mechanical events that occur when grasping, lifting and replacing an object, i.e., during a prototypical manipulation task. Such events represent transitions between phases of the evolving manipulation task such as object contact, lift-off, etc., and appear to provide critical information required for the sequential control of the task as well as for corrections and parameterization of the task. We have sensorized a biomechatronic anthropomorphic hand with the goal to detect such mechanical transients. The developed sensors were designed to specifically provide the information about task-relevant discrete events rather than to mimic their biological counterparts. To accomplish this we have developed (1) a contact sensor that can be applied to the surface of the robotic fingers and that show a sensitivity to indentation and a spatial resolution comparable to that of the human glabrous skin, and (2) a sensitive low-noise three-axial force sensor that was embedded in the robotic fingertips and showed a frequency response covering the range observed in biological tactile sensors. We describe the design and fabrication of these sensors, their sensory properties and show representative recordings from the sensors during grasp-and-lift tasks. We show how the combined use of the two sensors is able to provide information about crucial mechanical events during such tasks. We discuss the importance of the sensorized hand as a test bed for low-level grasp controllers and for the development of functional sensory feedback from prosthetic devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 75, no 6, 785-95 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19420DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2008.01.017PubMedID: 18394525OAI: diva2:201801
Available from: 2009-03-05 Created: 2009-03-05 Last updated: 2010-06-23

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