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Children and adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia have similar gene expression profiles.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
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2005 (English)In: European Journal of Haematology, ISSN 0902-4441, Vol. 74, no 6, 466-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To compare the gene expression pattern in children and adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in order to improve our understanding of the difference in disease biology and prognosis. METHODS: The gene expression profiles in diagnostic samples from 29 children and 15 adults with ALL were analysed using the oligonucleotide chip Hu95ver2a, produced by Affymetrix. RESULTS: Unsupervised hierarchical cluster analysis revealed that, in spite of differences in outcome, patients clustered irrespective of age, first by T-cell or B-precursor immunophenotype, and second by cytogenetic changes within the B-precursor group. The expression pattern analysis allowed the reclassification of some samples into the proper cytogenetic group. We also showed that separate clustering of samples with the BCR/ABL translocation could be explained by different breakpoint regions in the BCR. No significant difference in gene expression was observed between samples with and without CDKN2A deletion within the B-precursor group. Analysis of different age groups revealed a similarity in expression profiles when infants with the MLL translocation and adults over 40 yr of age were compared irrespective of karyotype. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the difference in clinical outcome, the gene expression pattern in children and adults with ALL is very similar and is primarily dependent on immunophenotype and cytogenetic aberrations. However, when age groups are compared, the expression patterns of infants and adults over 40 show a remarkable similarity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 74, no 6, 466-80 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19466DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0609.2005.00433.xPubMedID: 15876250OAI: diva2:201820
Available from: 2009-03-05 Created: 2009-03-05 Last updated: 2009-03-05

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