Who should manage protected areas in the Swedish mountain region?: A survey approach to co-management
2008 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, Vol. 87, no 1, 154-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article investigates attitudes towards co-management of protected areas in Sweden, at the national, county and local level. In Sweden, protected areas are still primarily designated and managed hierarchically—a practice increasingly contested by people living close to them, including indigenous Sámi reindeer herders whose economic activities are located within protected areas. The general view could, on the contrary, be anticipated to be pro-state since protected areas are considered to be of national interest. For democratic reasons, however, the opinions of the whole population should be considered. In order to measure both local and general views, this study is based on a two-sample survey of 8868 respondents. The objectives are to map and explain attitudes regarding who should manage protected areas in Sweden, and to test the usefulness of a multi-level quantitative method. Such an approach is unusual in co-management literature that is empirically mainly based on local case studies. The explanatory ambition sets out to test three hypotheses drawn from common-pool resource theory; resource dependency, common understanding, and trust. Perhaps surprisingly, the results show that a considerable majority of the respondents (at all levels) wish to see self- or co-management. All three hypotheses are important to understand attitudes toward the management of protected areas, but not always in the way that the theory anticipates.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , ScienceDirect , 2008. Vol. 87, no 1, 154-164 p.
Co-management, Protected areas, Swedish mountain region
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19572DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2007.01.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19572DiVA: diva2:202038