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Agglomeration mobility: Effects of localisation, urbanisation, and scale on job changes
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2008 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 40, 2419-2434 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Following increased attention being paid to the importance of labour-market processes in relation to knowledge diffusion and learning, this study addresses the influence of agglomeration economies (localisation, urbanisation, and scale) on the propensity to change jobs between and within local labour markets. From the use of longitudinal individual data (1990 ^ 2002), controlling for factors such as age, sex, income, and social relations, the results show that the composition of regional economies influences labour-market dynamism. We identify two cases of intraregional agglomeration mobility, that is, positive effects on job mobility, due to the concentration of similar activities (localisation economies) and the size of the labour market (urbanisation economies). The results also show that localisation economies compensate for regional structural disadvantages connected to small population numbers, as localisation effects in small regions have a significantlypositive effect on intraregional job-mobility rates, even compared with localisation effects in large and diversified metropolitan areas. The results indicate that the concentration of similar activities may be useful for small regions, if high levels of job mobility are crucial for the transfer of knowledge and the performance of firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pion , 2008. Vol. 40, 2419-2434 p.
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19689DOI: 10.1068/a39312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19689DiVA: diva2:202324
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Labour mobility and plant performance: The influence of proximity, relatedness and agglomeration 
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Labour mobility and plant performance: The influence of proximity, relatedness and agglomeration 
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis is to shed new light on the theorizations discussing the economic benefits of geographical clustering in a space economy increasingly characterized by globalization processes. This is made possible through the employment of a plant-perspective and a focus on how the relative fixity and mobility of labour influence plant performance throughout the entire Swedish economy. 

By means of the longitudinal micro database ASTRID, connecting attributes of individuals to features of plants and localities for the whole Swedish economy, the empirical findings indicate that both localization and urbanization economies produce significant labour market externalities and that such inter-plant linkages positively affect plant performance as compared to the partial effects of relative regional specialization and diversification. Moreover, it is also demonstrated that it is necessary both to distinguish how well the external skills retrieved via labour mobility match the existing knowledge base of plants and to determine the geographical dimension of such flows to verify the relative effect of labour market-induced externalities. Finally, it is demonstrated that whereas general urbanization is beneficial within close distance to the plant, the composition of economic activities is more influential at greater distances. In such cases the geographical dimension influences whether plants benefit from being located in similar or different local settings. 

In conclusion, it is argued that the circulation of labour skills, created and reproduced through the place-specific industrial setup, is crucial for understanding the mechanisms creating geographical variations in plant performance as compared to other regional conditions often proxied as relative specialization or diversification. This is because the relative fixity of labour tends to create place- and sector-specific skills which by means of their mobility in space are likely to facilitate the recombination of local skills, make the acquirement of non-local skills possible and secure sufficient affinity between economic actors by strengthening other dimensions of proximity – all aspects regarded as crucial to facilitate interactive learning processes and contribute to sustained regional growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kulturgeografiska institutionen, 2009. 58 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2009:2
Keyword
Agglomeration economies, labour mobility, plant performance, geographical proximity, related variety, clusters
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27715 (URN)978-91-978344-1-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-12-11, Sal 205, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-20 Created: 2009-11-17 Last updated: 2009-11-20Bibliographically approved

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